Slippery surface based on photoelectric responsive nanoporous composites with optimal wettability region for droplets' multifunctional manipulation

Keyu Han, Liping Heng, Yuqi Zhang, Yao Liu, Lei Jiang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

60 Citations (Scopus)


The development of responsive slippery surfaces is important because of the high demand for such materials in the fields of liquid manipulation on biochips, microfluidics, microreactions, and liquid-harvesting devices. Although great progress has been achieved, the effect of substrate wettability on slippery surfaces stability is overlooked by scientists. In addition, current responsive slippery surfaces generally function utilizing single external stimuli just for imprecisely controlling liquid motion, while advanced intelligences are always expected to be integrated into one smart interface material for widespread multifunctional applications. Therefore, designing slippery surfaces that collaboratively respond to complex external stimuli and possess sophisticated composite function for expanding applications from controlling droplets motion to patterned writing is urgently needed but remains a challenge. Here, a photoelectric cooperative-responsive slippery surface based on ZnO nanoporous composites is demonstrated. First, the effect of composite surface wettability on slippery surface stability is systematically researched and the optimum wettability region for fabricating stable slippery surfaces is determined. Furthermore, controllable droplet motion and patterned writing are realized on the same slippery surfaces under photoelectric cooperative stimuli, and the related response mechanism is also deeply studied. This kind of material has potential applications in biochips, microfluidics, in situ patterning, and water-harvesting systems.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1801231
Number of pages8
JournalAdvanced Science
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 9 Jan 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • droplet motion
  • patterned writing
  • photoelectric cooperative
  • slippery surfaces
  • wettability region

Cite this