Sleep and fatigue following traumatic brain injury

Jennie Louise Ponsford, Kelly Sinclair

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleOther

29 Citations (Scopus)


This article reviews literature relating to sleep disturbance and fatigue after traumatic brain injury. It discusses the nature and prevalence of sleep disturbances associated with traumatic brain injury and the measures used to assess them. Potential causes are discussed, including damage to sleep-wake regulating centers, disruption of circadian timing of sleep, and secondary causes, such as pain, depression, and anxiety. The nature and assessment of fatigue are discussed, followed by a review of evidence regarding causes. Evidence is reviewed of the consequences of sleep disturbance and fatigue. Potential treatments of nonpharmacologic and pharmacologic natures are reviewed
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)77 - 89
Number of pages13
JournalPsychiatric Clinics of North America
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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