Background: Qualification and interpretation standards are essential for establishing 99mTc-SPECT MPI accuracy vs. alternative modalities. Methods: Rest–stress 99mTc-SPECT phantom scans were acquired on 35 cameras. LV defects were quantified with summed stress (SSS) and difference scores (SDS) at 2 core labs. SDS ≥ 2 in the right coronary artery (RCA) was the qualifying standard. Twenty rest (R)–stress (S) patient images were acquired on qualified cameras and interpreted by core labs. Global scoring differences > 3 between labs or discordant clinical interpretations underwent review. Scoring, interpretation, image quality, and diagnostic parameter agreement were assessed. Results: Phantom scans: visual scoring confirmed RCA-ischemia on all cameras. Regional SSS, SDS agreement was moderate to very good: ICC-r = 0.57, 0.84. Patient scans: 90% of global SSS, 85% of SDS differences were ≤ 3. Regional SSS, SDS agreement: ICC-r = 0.87, 0.86, and global abnormal (SSS ≥ 4) and ischemic (SDS ≥ 2) interpretation: ICC-r = 0.90 were excellent. Clinical interpretation agreement was 100% following review. Image quality agreement was 70%. Automated metrics also agreed: ischemic total perfusion deficit ICC-r = 0.75, reversible perfusion defect, transient ischemic dilation, and S-R LV ejection fraction ICC-r ≥ 0.90. Conclusion: Quantitative scoring and interpretation of scans were highly repeatable with site qualification and clinical interpretation standardization, indicating that dual-core lab interpretation is appropriate to determine 99mTc-SPECT MPI accuracy.
- Ischemia quantification
- Non-invasive myocardial perfusion imaging
- Single-photon emission computed tomography