Sit-to-walk strategy classification in healthy adults using hip and knee joint angles at gait initiation

Chamalka Kenneth Perera, Alpha Agape Gopalai, Darwin Gouwanda, Siti Anom Ahmad, Mazatulfazura Sf Binti Salim

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Forward continuation, balance, and sit-to-stand-and-walk (STSW) are three common movement strategies during sit-to-walk (STW) executions. Literature identifies these strategies through biomechanical parameters using gold standard laboratory equipment, which is expensive, bulky, and requires significant post-processing. STW strategy becomes apparent at gait-initiation (GI) and the hip/knee are primary contributors in STW, therefore, this study proposes to use the hip/knee joint angles at GI as an alternate method of strategy classification. To achieve this, K-means clustering was implemented using three clusters corresponding to the three STW strategies; and two feature sets corresponding to the hip/knee angles (derived from motion capture data); from an open access online database (age: 21–80 years; n = 10). The results identified forward continuation with the lowest hip/knee extension, followed by balance and then STSW, at GI. Using this classification, strategy biomechanics were investigated by deriving the established biomechanical quantities from literature. The biomechanical parameters that significantly varied between strategies (P < 0.05) were time, horizontal centre of mass (COM) momentum, braking impulse, centre of pressure (COP) range and velocities, COP–COM separation, hip/knee torque and movement fluency. This alternate method of strategy classification forms a generalized framework for describing STW executions and is consistent with literature, thus validating the joint angle classification method.

Original languageEnglish
Article number16640
Number of pages12
JournalScientific Reports
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 3 Oct 2023

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