Single CT for attenuation correction of rest/stress cardiac SPECT perfusion imaging

R. Glenn Wells, Mikael Trottier, Manuja Premaratne, Karen Vanderwerf, Terrence D. Ruddy

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Common practice is to use separate CT scans acquired during rest and stress for attenuation correction of SPECT myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI). We evaluated using a single CT scan to correct both rest and stress SPECT scans. Studies from 154 patients were reprocessed using one CT acquired at stress to correct both rest and stress scans (1CT) and compared to correction of each scan with its own CT (2CT). Two expert readers independently read the images and determined summed stress (SSS), rest (SRS), and difference (SDS) scores. The correlation in SRS between 2CT and 1CT was r ≥ 0.88. The concordance in SDS was ≥0.84 (kappa ≥ 0.62). The mean SDS difference between 2CT and 1CT for the averaged observer was not significantly different from zero (p > 0.31). 1CT images had a small but significant increase in SRS and an increase in SDS variability. However, the mean SDS difference was similar to the mean inter-observer SDS difference for the 2CT approach (−0.08 vs −0.23, p = 0.46) and had less uncertainty (1.02 vs 2.05, p < 0.001). Thus, the differences between 1CT and 2CT are unlikely to be clinically significant, and the 1CT approach is feasible for SPECT MPI.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)616-624
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Nuclear Cardiology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2018


  • attenuation correction
  • myocardial perfusion imaging
  • radiation dose

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