Simulation of peak position and response profiles in comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography

Siriluck Pojjanapornpun, Chadin Kulsing, Palathip Kakanopas, Yada Nolvachai, Kornkanok Aryusuk, Kanit Krisnangkura, Philip J. Marriott

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Approaches to simulate peak time and intensity profiles of compounds in comprehensive two dimensional gas chromatography (GC × GC) were developed, and which are demonstrated for separation of a mixture of saturated and unsaturated fatty acid methyl esters (FAME) using a range of column sets. The simulation of first and second dimension time (1tR and 2tR) of FAME relies on use of a Gibbs energy additivity approach to correlate with the structures of FAME. First and second dimension peak standard deviations (1σ and 2σ) of the compounds were further calculated from the 1tR and 2tR data according to the plate height concept which provided good agreement between the predicted and experimental peak widths at half height in one dimension GC (1DGC) with an overall R2 of 0.9628. The effect of 1σ distortion caused by the modulation process was also taken into account in the peak width simulation where the simulated 1σ data were rounded up to multiples of the scale of modulation period (PM). Two dimension Gaussian equations were then used to generate GC × GC results (2D contour plots) from simulated 1tR, 2tR, 1σ and 2σ data for FAME separation on different column sets employing ionic liquid and conventional columns. Good overall correlations between experimental and simulated 1tR and 2tR were obtained with R2 of 0.9951 and 0.9802, respectively, and the simulated 2D contour plots were an acceptable match with the experimental results.

Original languageEnglish
Article number460392
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Chromatography A
Publication statusPublished - 6 Dec 2019


  • 2D peak position
  • Comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography
  • Fatty acid methyl ester
  • Peak
  • Profile
  • Simulation

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