Significance of monazite EPMA ages from the Quamby Conglomerate, Queensland

Paul M Evins, Andrew Robert Wilde, Damien R Foster, S McKnight, Thomas Geoffrey Blenkinsop

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

    7 Citations (Scopus)


    Th-U-Pb electron microprobe (EPIVIA) dating of mainly detrital monazite from the Quamby Conglomerate in the Eastern Succession of the Mt Isa inlier reveals three distinct monazite growth/recrystallisation events at around 1640, 1580 and 1490 Ma. These ages are particularly significant with respect to the timing of deposition, iron and gold mineralisation, and deformation in the Mt Isa inlier. The oldest age probably represents provenance from igneous rocks. In the sample, the majority of monazite growth occurred at 1580 Ma, coeval with peak metamorphism in the Eastern Succession, The low metamorphic grade of the conglomerate and wide compositional range of monazite bearing this age indicates that the monazite grew elsewhere and was later deposited in the conglomerate. Purple bands in the rock are composed mainly of coarse specular hematite with recrystallised margins that contribute to high (up to 20 ) Fe2O3 contents in the conglomerate. Gold is also present in some of the samples. Some of the monazite grains contain small, younger (co 1490 Ma) domains that may have grown/recrystallised in situ during a lower grade syn- or post-diagenetic metamorphic/hydrothermal event that may have been related to hematite (re)crystallisation. Together, these ages bracket deposition of the Quamby Conglomerate to between co 1580 and 1490 Ma, the latter age most likely representing diagenesis, This depositional age also represents a maximum age for north-south-striking, upright folds of the Quamby Conglomerate and implies that significant ductile deformation has affected parts of the Mt Isa inlier after 1580 Ma and probably after 1490 Ma.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)19 - 26
    Number of pages8
    JournalAustralian Journal of Earth Sciences
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - 2007

    Cite this