Signal transduction by interferon-α through arachidonic acid metabolism

Gregory E. Hannigan, Bryan R.G. Williams

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Molecular mechanisms that mediate signal transduction by growth inhibitory cytokines are poorly understood. Type I (α and β) interferons (IFNs) are potent growth inhibitory ctokines whose biological activities depend on induced changes in gene expression. IFN-α induced the transient activation of phospholipase A2 in 3T3 fibroblasts and rapid hydrolysis of [3H]arachidonic acid (AA) from prelabeled phospholipid pools. The phospholipase inhibitor, bromophenacyl bromide (BPB), specifically blocked IFN-induced binding of nuclear factors to a conserved, IFN-regulated enhancer element, the interferon-stimulated response element (ISRE). BPB also caused a dose-dependent inhibition of IFN-α-induced ISRE-dependent transcription in transient transfection assays. Specific inhibition of AA oxygenation by eicosatetraynoic acid prevented IFN-α induction of factor binding to the ISRE. Treatment of intact cells with inhibitors of fatty acid cyclooxygenase or lipoxygenase enzymes resulted in amplification of IPN-α-induced ISRE binding and gene expression. Thus, IFN-α receptor-coupled AA hydrolysis may function in activation of latent transcription factors by TEN-α and provides a system for studying the role of AA metabolism in transduction of growth inhibitory signals.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)204-207
Number of pages4
Issue number4990
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1991
Externally publishedYes

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