Siccibacter turicensis from kangaroo scats: Possible implication in cellulose digestion

Sudip Dhakal, Jarryd M. Boath, Thi Thu Hao Van, Robert J. Moore, Ian G. Macreadie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Microbiota in the kangaroo gut degrade cellulose, contributing to the kangaroo’s energy and survival. In this preliminary study, to discover more about the gut microbes that contribute to the survival of kangaroos, cellulose-degrading bacteria were isolated from kangaroo scats by selection on solidified media containing carboxymethyl cellulose as the main carbon source. One frequently occurring aerobic bacterium was Siccibacter turicensis, a microbe previously isolated in fruit powder and from a patient with angular cheilitis. The whole genome sequence of the kangaroo isolate was obtained using the Illumina MiSeq platform. Its sequence shared 97.98% identity of the S. turicensis Type strain, and the ability of the Type strain to degrade cellulose was confirmed. Analysis of the genomic data focused on the cellulose operon. In addition to genes from the operon, we suggest that a gene following the operon may have an important role in regulating cellulose metabolism by signal transduction. This is the first report of S. turicensis found within microbiota of the animal gut. Because of its frequent presence in the kangaroo gut, we suggest that S. turicensis plays a role in cellulose digestion for kangaroos.

Original languageEnglish
Article number635
Number of pages9
JournalMicroorganisms
Volume8
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cellulase
  • Enterobacteriaceae
  • Gut microbiota
  • Kangaroo nutrition
  • Scat microbe

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