Shipping pollution emission associated with increased cardiovascular mortality: A time series study in Guangzhou, China

Hualiang Lin, Jun Tao, Zhengmin (Min) Qian, Zengliang Ruan, Yanjun Xu, Jian Hang, Xiaojun Xu, Tao Liu, Yuming Guo, Weilin Zeng, Jianpeng Xiao, Lingchuan Guo, Xing Li, Wenjun Ma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Substantial evidence has linked short-term exposure to ambient fine particulate matter (PM2.5) with increased cardiovascular mortality, however, the specific chemical constituent and emission source responsible for this effect remained largely unclear. A time series Poisson model was employed to quantify the association of cardiovascular mortality with two sets of shipping pollution emission: nickel (Ni), vanadium (V) (the indices of shipping emission) and estimated shipping emission using a source apportionment approach in Guangzhou, China in 2014. We observed that Ni, V, and estimated shipping emission in PM2.5 were associated with increased cardiovascular mortality, an inter-quartile range (IQR) increase in lag2 Ni was associated with 4.60% (95% CI: 0.14%, 9.26%) increase in overall cardiovascular mortality, and 13.35% (95% CI: 5.54%, 21.75%) increase in cerebrovascular mortality; each IQR increase of lag1 V was correlated with 6.01% (95% CI: 1.83%, 10.37%) increase in overall cardiovascular mortality, and 11.02% (95% CI: 3.15%, 19.49%) increase in cerebrovascular mortality; and each IQR increase in lag1 shipping emission was associated with 5.55% (95% CI: 0.78%, 10.54%) increase in overall cardiovascular mortality, and 10.39% (95% CI: 1.43%, 20.14%) increase in cerebrovascular mortality. The results remained robust to adjustment for PM2.5 mass and gaseous air pollutants. This study suggests that shipping emission is an important detrimental factor of cardiovascular mortality, and should be emphasized in air pollution control and management in order to protect the public health in Guangzhou, China.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)862-868
Number of pages7
JournalEnvironmental Pollution
Volume241
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2018

Keywords

  • Air pollution
  • Cardiovascular mortality
  • Emission source
  • Shipping emission

Cite this

Lin, Hualiang ; Tao, Jun ; Qian, Zhengmin (Min) ; Ruan, Zengliang ; Xu, Yanjun ; Hang, Jian ; Xu, Xiaojun ; Liu, Tao ; Guo, Yuming ; Zeng, Weilin ; Xiao, Jianpeng ; Guo, Lingchuan ; Li, Xing ; Ma, Wenjun. / Shipping pollution emission associated with increased cardiovascular mortality : A time series study in Guangzhou, China. In: Environmental Pollution. 2018 ; Vol. 241. pp. 862-868.
@article{c14bba01169e479bb6d2bc3a38d9d8da,
title = "Shipping pollution emission associated with increased cardiovascular mortality: A time series study in Guangzhou, China",
abstract = "Substantial evidence has linked short-term exposure to ambient fine particulate matter (PM2.5) with increased cardiovascular mortality, however, the specific chemical constituent and emission source responsible for this effect remained largely unclear. A time series Poisson model was employed to quantify the association of cardiovascular mortality with two sets of shipping pollution emission: nickel (Ni), vanadium (V) (the indices of shipping emission) and estimated shipping emission using a source apportionment approach in Guangzhou, China in 2014. We observed that Ni, V, and estimated shipping emission in PM2.5 were associated with increased cardiovascular mortality, an inter-quartile range (IQR) increase in lag2 Ni was associated with 4.60{\%} (95{\%} CI: 0.14{\%}, 9.26{\%}) increase in overall cardiovascular mortality, and 13.35{\%} (95{\%} CI: 5.54{\%}, 21.75{\%}) increase in cerebrovascular mortality; each IQR increase of lag1 V was correlated with 6.01{\%} (95{\%} CI: 1.83{\%}, 10.37{\%}) increase in overall cardiovascular mortality, and 11.02{\%} (95{\%} CI: 3.15{\%}, 19.49{\%}) increase in cerebrovascular mortality; and each IQR increase in lag1 shipping emission was associated with 5.55{\%} (95{\%} CI: 0.78{\%}, 10.54{\%}) increase in overall cardiovascular mortality, and 10.39{\%} (95{\%} CI: 1.43{\%}, 20.14{\%}) increase in cerebrovascular mortality. The results remained robust to adjustment for PM2.5 mass and gaseous air pollutants. This study suggests that shipping emission is an important detrimental factor of cardiovascular mortality, and should be emphasized in air pollution control and management in order to protect the public health in Guangzhou, China.",
keywords = "Air pollution, Cardiovascular mortality, Emission source, Shipping emission",
author = "Hualiang Lin and Jun Tao and Qian, {Zhengmin (Min)} and Zengliang Ruan and Yanjun Xu and Jian Hang and Xiaojun Xu and Tao Liu and Yuming Guo and Weilin Zeng and Jianpeng Xiao and Lingchuan Guo and Xing Li and Wenjun Ma",
year = "2018",
month = "10",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.envpol.2018.06.027",
language = "English",
volume = "241",
pages = "862--868",
journal = "Environmental Pollution",
issn = "0269-7491",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

Lin, H, Tao, J, Qian, ZM, Ruan, Z, Xu, Y, Hang, J, Xu, X, Liu, T, Guo, Y, Zeng, W, Xiao, J, Guo, L, Li, X & Ma, W 2018, 'Shipping pollution emission associated with increased cardiovascular mortality: A time series study in Guangzhou, China', Environmental Pollution, vol. 241, pp. 862-868. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2018.06.027

Shipping pollution emission associated with increased cardiovascular mortality : A time series study in Guangzhou, China. / Lin, Hualiang; Tao, Jun; Qian, Zhengmin (Min); Ruan, Zengliang; Xu, Yanjun; Hang, Jian; Xu, Xiaojun; Liu, Tao; Guo, Yuming; Zeng, Weilin; Xiao, Jianpeng; Guo, Lingchuan; Li, Xing; Ma, Wenjun.

In: Environmental Pollution, Vol. 241, 01.10.2018, p. 862-868.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Shipping pollution emission associated with increased cardiovascular mortality

T2 - A time series study in Guangzhou, China

AU - Lin, Hualiang

AU - Tao, Jun

AU - Qian, Zhengmin (Min)

AU - Ruan, Zengliang

AU - Xu, Yanjun

AU - Hang, Jian

AU - Xu, Xiaojun

AU - Liu, Tao

AU - Guo, Yuming

AU - Zeng, Weilin

AU - Xiao, Jianpeng

AU - Guo, Lingchuan

AU - Li, Xing

AU - Ma, Wenjun

PY - 2018/10/1

Y1 - 2018/10/1

N2 - Substantial evidence has linked short-term exposure to ambient fine particulate matter (PM2.5) with increased cardiovascular mortality, however, the specific chemical constituent and emission source responsible for this effect remained largely unclear. A time series Poisson model was employed to quantify the association of cardiovascular mortality with two sets of shipping pollution emission: nickel (Ni), vanadium (V) (the indices of shipping emission) and estimated shipping emission using a source apportionment approach in Guangzhou, China in 2014. We observed that Ni, V, and estimated shipping emission in PM2.5 were associated with increased cardiovascular mortality, an inter-quartile range (IQR) increase in lag2 Ni was associated with 4.60% (95% CI: 0.14%, 9.26%) increase in overall cardiovascular mortality, and 13.35% (95% CI: 5.54%, 21.75%) increase in cerebrovascular mortality; each IQR increase of lag1 V was correlated with 6.01% (95% CI: 1.83%, 10.37%) increase in overall cardiovascular mortality, and 11.02% (95% CI: 3.15%, 19.49%) increase in cerebrovascular mortality; and each IQR increase in lag1 shipping emission was associated with 5.55% (95% CI: 0.78%, 10.54%) increase in overall cardiovascular mortality, and 10.39% (95% CI: 1.43%, 20.14%) increase in cerebrovascular mortality. The results remained robust to adjustment for PM2.5 mass and gaseous air pollutants. This study suggests that shipping emission is an important detrimental factor of cardiovascular mortality, and should be emphasized in air pollution control and management in order to protect the public health in Guangzhou, China.

AB - Substantial evidence has linked short-term exposure to ambient fine particulate matter (PM2.5) with increased cardiovascular mortality, however, the specific chemical constituent and emission source responsible for this effect remained largely unclear. A time series Poisson model was employed to quantify the association of cardiovascular mortality with two sets of shipping pollution emission: nickel (Ni), vanadium (V) (the indices of shipping emission) and estimated shipping emission using a source apportionment approach in Guangzhou, China in 2014. We observed that Ni, V, and estimated shipping emission in PM2.5 were associated with increased cardiovascular mortality, an inter-quartile range (IQR) increase in lag2 Ni was associated with 4.60% (95% CI: 0.14%, 9.26%) increase in overall cardiovascular mortality, and 13.35% (95% CI: 5.54%, 21.75%) increase in cerebrovascular mortality; each IQR increase of lag1 V was correlated with 6.01% (95% CI: 1.83%, 10.37%) increase in overall cardiovascular mortality, and 11.02% (95% CI: 3.15%, 19.49%) increase in cerebrovascular mortality; and each IQR increase in lag1 shipping emission was associated with 5.55% (95% CI: 0.78%, 10.54%) increase in overall cardiovascular mortality, and 10.39% (95% CI: 1.43%, 20.14%) increase in cerebrovascular mortality. The results remained robust to adjustment for PM2.5 mass and gaseous air pollutants. This study suggests that shipping emission is an important detrimental factor of cardiovascular mortality, and should be emphasized in air pollution control and management in order to protect the public health in Guangzhou, China.

KW - Air pollution

KW - Cardiovascular mortality

KW - Emission source

KW - Shipping emission

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85049317081&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.envpol.2018.06.027

DO - 10.1016/j.envpol.2018.06.027

M3 - Article

C2 - 29913413

AN - SCOPUS:85049317081

VL - 241

SP - 862

EP - 868

JO - Environmental Pollution

JF - Environmental Pollution

SN - 0269-7491

ER -