Shapley Supercluster survey: galaxy evolution from filaments to cluster cores

P Merluzzi, G Busarello, C P Haines, A Mercurio, N Okabe, K J Pimbblet, M A Dopita, A Grado, L Limatola, H Bourdin, P Mazzotta, M Capaccioli, N R Napolitano, P Schipani

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We present an overview of a multiwavelength survey of the Shapley Supercluster (SSC; z ~ 0.05) covering a contiguous area of 260 h70-2 Mpc2 including the supercluster core. The project main aim is to quantify the influence of cluster-scale mass assembly on galaxy evolution in one of the most massive structures in the local Universe. The Shapley Supercluster Survey (ShaSS) includes nine Abell clusters (A3552, A3554, A3556, A3558, A3559, A3560, A3562, AS0724, AS0726) and two poor clusters (SC1327-312, SC1329-313) showing evidence of cluster-cluster interactions. Optical (ugri) and near-infrared (K) imaging acquired with VLT Survey Telescope and Visible and Infrared Survey Telescope for Astronomy allow us to study the galaxy population down to m* + 6 at the supercluster redshift. A dedicated spectroscopic survey with AAOmega on the Anglo-Australian Telescope provides a magnitude-limited sample of supercluster members with 80 per cent completeness at ~m* + 3. We derive the galaxy density across the whole area, demonstrating that all structures within this area are embedded in a single network of clusters, groups and filaments. The stellar mass density in the core of the SSC is always higher than 9 × 109 M Mpc-3, which is ~40× the cosmic stellar mass density for galaxies in the local Universe. We find a new filamentary structure (~7 Mpc long in projection) connecting the SSC core to the cluster A3559, as well as previously unidentified density peaks. We perform a weak-lensing analysis of the central 1 deg2 field of the survey obtaining for the central cluster A3558 a mass of M500 =7.63-3.40 +3.88 × 1014 M, in agreement with X-ray based estimates.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)803-822
Number of pages20
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2015


  • Galaxies: clusters: general
  • Galaxies: clusters: individual: A3552, A3554, A3556, A3558, A3559, A3560, A3562, AS0724, AS0726, SC1327-312, SC1329-313
  • Galaxies: evolution
  • Galaxies: photometry
  • Galaxies: stellar contents
  • Gravitational lensing: weak

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