A number of toxic planar PCBs, that is, PCB 77, 105, 118, 126, 156, and 169, were successfully separated from other PCB congeners present in technical PCB formulations using comprehensive GC X GC. The planar PCBs were selectively retained using a liquid crystal column, which was used as the first-dimension column. A short and narrow bore (0.25 m X 0.1 mm) nonpolar 5%-phenyl-methylpoly-siloxane column was used as the second-dimension column. A longitudinally modulating cryogenic system (LMCS) was used to modulate the first-dimension signal. Since the planar PCBs elute from the first column at relatively high oven temperatures they were rapidly eluted from the second column. Altogether, this resulted in a significant peak sharpening, and a 20-fold increase in the signal-to-noise ratio, as compared to standard one-dimensional GC. This column set also seems to separate seven frequently measured congeners, that is, PCBs 28, 52, 101, 118, 138, 153, and 180, from other major PCB congeners.
- Comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography
- Fast analysis
- Peak compression
- Shape selectivity
- Toxic PCBs