Sex-specific associations between insulin resistance and bone parameters in overweight and obese older adults

Jakub Mesinovic, Lachlan B. McMillan, Catherine Shore-Lorenti, Ayse Zengin, Barbora De Courten, Peter R. Ebeling, David Scott

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: To determine sex-specific associations between insulin resistance and bone parameters measured by peripheral quantitative computed tomography in overweight and obese community-dwelling older adults. Study design: Cross-sectional study of 79 community-dwelling overweight and obese adults (mean ± SD age 62.8 ± 7.9 years; body mass index 32.3 ± 6.1 kg/m 2 ; 58% women). Main outcome measures: Peripheral quantitative computed tomography assessed distal radius and tibia trabecular volumetric bone mineral density (vBMD) and proximal radius and tibia cortical vBMD, periosteal circumference, endosteal circumference and stress-strain index. The Homeostatic Model Assessment of Insulin Resistance (HOMA-IR) score was calculated from fasting glucose and insulin values. Lean mass was assessed using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Total minutes of moderate and vigorous physical activity (MVPA) were calculated using the Active Australia Survey. Results: Men and women in this cohort had no significant differences in fasting glucose and insulin concentrations, HOMA-IR values and diabetes prevalence (all P > 0.05). In women, HOMA-IR was positively correlated with proximal radius periosteal and endosteal circumference (r = 0.331; P = 0.034 and r = 0.325; P = 0.038, respectively). These associations became nonsignificant in multivariable regression analyses; however, HOMA-IR was negatively associated with proximal radius cortical vBMD (B = −4.79; 95% CI −8.66, −0.92) after adjusting for age, lean mass and MVPA. All associations between HOMA-IR and bone parameters became nonsignificant in a sensitivity analysis excluding individuals with diabetes, or self-reported use of glucose-lowering medications. There were no associations between HOMA-IR and bone parameters in men. Conclusions: Homeostatic Model Assessment of Insulin Resistance was negatively associated with radial cortical vBMD in overweight and obese older women, but not in men. Further studies are needed to clarify sex-specific associations between insulin resistance and bone health in overweight and obese older adults.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)680-689
Number of pages10
JournalClinical Endocrinology
Volume90
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2019

Keywords

  • bone
  • density
  • geometry
  • insulin resistance
  • microarchitecture

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