Sex preference as a determinant of contraceptive use in matrilineal societies: A study on the Garo of Bangladesh

Mohammad Amirul Islam, M. Rakibul Islam, Banya Banowary

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4 Citations (Scopus)


Objectives This paper explores the presence of sex preference and its influence on contraceptive use among the Garo, a matrilineal community, of Bangladesh. Methods In this study, 223 currently married Garo women were interviewed, selected purposively from two districts of Bangladesh, where most of the Garo people live. A binary logistic regression model was fitted to explore the determinants of current use of contraceptives among the Garo community. Results About 80 of the Garo women were currently using contraceptive methods, which was much higher than the contraceptive prevalence at the national level 55.8. However, the use of modern male methods was very low in that community. Regression analysis revealed that the strong preference for girls was a significant determinant of contraceptive use. Conclusions Even though the Garo apply contraception more than the Bangladeshi community in general, their strong preference for girls may restrain its success. Family planning information can be designed so as not to challenge the matrilineal structure of the society and both spouses counselled together to promote also modern male methods.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)301-306
Number of pages6
JournalThe European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 9 Nov 2009
Externally publishedYes


  • Contraceptive use
  • Logistic regression
  • Matrilineal societies
  • Sex preference

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