Severe acute kidney injury not treated with renal replacement therapy: characteristics and outcome

Antoine Schneider, Shigehiko Uchino, Rinaldo Bellomo

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28 Citations (Scopus)


Only a proportion of critically ill patients with severe [RIFLE (Risk, Injury, Failure, Loss, End-stage renal disease) criteria, class-F] acute kidney injury (AKI) appear to receive renal replacement therapy (RRT). The aim of this study was to study the characteristics and outcome of patients with severe (RIFLE-F) AKI who did not receive RRT. Methods. We identified all consecutive patients admitted to our institution that developed RIFLE-F AKI by creatinine criteria over a 3-year period and did not receive RRT, and compared their characteristics and outcomes with those of RIFLE-F RRT-treated patients. Results. Within the study period, 20 126 patients were admitted to our institution for >24 h. Among them, 2949 were admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) and 195 developed RIFLE-F AKI. Of these, 90 received RRT (RRT patients) and 105 did not (no-RRT patients). Compared with RRT patients, no-RRT patients were similar in terms of age, gender and ward of origin. However, they had a shorter median ICU stay (2.7 versus 7.9 days; P <0.001), required less mechanical ventilation (56.2 versus 70 ; P <0.05) and had a lower mean Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation III score (82.7 versus 86.7; P <0.05). The two main reasons these patients did not receive RRT were limitations of medical therapy (LOMT) orders in 41 (39 ) cases and expected renal functional improvement in 59 (56.2 ). Mortality in no-RRT patients was 58.1 compared with 55.5 in the RRT group (P ? 0.72). After exclusion of LOMT patients, the mortality of the no-RRT group, although lower than that of the RRT group, remained high (30.5 versus 55 ; P <0.001). Most of these deaths occurred after ICU discharge and appeared secondary to underlying chronic diseases or recurrence of the initial insult. Conclusions. After exclusion of LOMT patients, about a third of critically ill patients with severe (RIFLE-F) AKI did not receive RRT. A third of these patients
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)947 - 952
Number of pages6
JournalNephrology Dialysis Transplantation
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2012

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