Protein aggregation is a ubiquitous phenomenon underpinning the origins of a range of human diseases. The amyloid aggregation of human islet amyloid polypeptide (IAPP) and alpha synuclein (αS), specifically, is a hallmark of type 2 diabetes (T2D) and Parkinson's disease impacting millions of people worldwide. Although IAPP and αS are strongly associated with pancreatic β-cell islets and presynaptic terminals, they have also been found in blood circulation and the gut. While extensive biophysical and biochemical studies have been focused on IAPP and αS interacting with cell membranes or model lipid vesicles, the roles of plasma proteins on the amyloidosis and membrane association of these two major types of amyloid proteins have rarely been examined. Using a thioflavin T kinetic assay, transmission electron microscopy and a hemolysis assay here we show that human serum albumin, the most abundant protein in the plasma, impeded the fibrillization and mitigated membrane damage of both IAPP and αS. This study offers a new insight on the native inhibition of amyloidosis.
- Amyloid aggregation
- Protein corona