Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentration is not associated with glomerular filtration rate in a predominantly obese otherwise healthy population

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Abstract

Evidence from observational studies indicates a role for vitamin D in kidney function and progression to chronic kidney disease. Findings from animal studies have proposed underlying mechanisms including increased activation of the renin-angiotensin system, increased blood pressure, insulin resistance and chronic low-grade inflammation. However, human studies are limited by confounders arising from heterogeneous samples of participants. We examined the relationship between 25(OH)D and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) in a predominantly obese otherwise healthy and drug-naive population with no history of chronic kidney disease (CKD).One hundred and twenty one non-diabetic (75g oral glucose tolerance test; OGTT) volunteers (70 males and 51 females), aged 18-57 years participated in the study. Median 25(OH)D level was 37nmol/L with no difference by sex. Twenty six participants (21.5%) had 25(OH)D <25 nmol/L, 75 participants (62%) had 25(OH)D of 25-49.99nmol/L, and 20 participants (16.5%) had 25(OH)D ≥50nmol/L. In univariate analysis, 25(OH)D was related negatively to percent body fat and 2-h glucose level post OGTT. Mean (SD) eGFR was 113.1 (14.9)mL/min/1.73m2, and in the multivariable analysis, it was related to age, sex, percent body fat and 2-h glucose level post OGTT, but not to 25(OH)D. Furthermore, there was no relationship between eGFR and 25(OH)D across BMI categories.Our data suggest that measuring 25(OH)D in predominantly obese otherwise healthy individuals with no history of CKD may not be beneficial in early recognition of kidney disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)253-257
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Volume173
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2017

Keywords

  • 25(OH)D
  • Chronic kidney disease
  • Glomerular filtration rate
  • Healthy population
  • Vitamin D

Cite this

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title = "Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentration is not associated with glomerular filtration rate in a predominantly obese otherwise healthy population",
abstract = "Evidence from observational studies indicates a role for vitamin D in kidney function and progression to chronic kidney disease. Findings from animal studies have proposed underlying mechanisms including increased activation of the renin-angiotensin system, increased blood pressure, insulin resistance and chronic low-grade inflammation. However, human studies are limited by confounders arising from heterogeneous samples of participants. We examined the relationship between 25(OH)D and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) in a predominantly obese otherwise healthy and drug-naive population with no history of chronic kidney disease (CKD).One hundred and twenty one non-diabetic (75g oral glucose tolerance test; OGTT) volunteers (70 males and 51 females), aged 18-57 years participated in the study. Median 25(OH)D level was 37nmol/L with no difference by sex. Twenty six participants (21.5{\%}) had 25(OH)D <25 nmol/L, 75 participants (62{\%}) had 25(OH)D of 25-49.99nmol/L, and 20 participants (16.5{\%}) had 25(OH)D ≥50nmol/L. In univariate analysis, 25(OH)D was related negatively to percent body fat and 2-h glucose level post OGTT. Mean (SD) eGFR was 113.1 (14.9)mL/min/1.73m2, and in the multivariable analysis, it was related to age, sex, percent body fat and 2-h glucose level post OGTT, but not to 25(OH)D. Furthermore, there was no relationship between eGFR and 25(OH)D across BMI categories.Our data suggest that measuring 25(OH)D in predominantly obese otherwise healthy individuals with no history of CKD may not be beneficial in early recognition of kidney disease.",
keywords = "25(OH)D, Chronic kidney disease, Glomerular filtration rate, Healthy population, Vitamin D",
author = "Negar Naderpoor and Aya Mousa and {De Courten}, {Maximilian P.J.} and Robert Scragg and Sanjeeva Ranasinha and {de Courten}, Barbora",
year = "2017",
month = "10",
doi = "10.1016/j.jsbmb.2016.09.019",
language = "English",
volume = "173",
pages = "253--257",
journal = "Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology",
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T1 - Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentration is not associated with glomerular filtration rate in a predominantly obese otherwise healthy population

AU - Naderpoor, Negar

AU - Mousa, Aya

AU - De Courten, Maximilian P.J.

AU - Scragg, Robert

AU - Ranasinha, Sanjeeva

AU - de Courten, Barbora

PY - 2017/10

Y1 - 2017/10

N2 - Evidence from observational studies indicates a role for vitamin D in kidney function and progression to chronic kidney disease. Findings from animal studies have proposed underlying mechanisms including increased activation of the renin-angiotensin system, increased blood pressure, insulin resistance and chronic low-grade inflammation. However, human studies are limited by confounders arising from heterogeneous samples of participants. We examined the relationship between 25(OH)D and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) in a predominantly obese otherwise healthy and drug-naive population with no history of chronic kidney disease (CKD).One hundred and twenty one non-diabetic (75g oral glucose tolerance test; OGTT) volunteers (70 males and 51 females), aged 18-57 years participated in the study. Median 25(OH)D level was 37nmol/L with no difference by sex. Twenty six participants (21.5%) had 25(OH)D <25 nmol/L, 75 participants (62%) had 25(OH)D of 25-49.99nmol/L, and 20 participants (16.5%) had 25(OH)D ≥50nmol/L. In univariate analysis, 25(OH)D was related negatively to percent body fat and 2-h glucose level post OGTT. Mean (SD) eGFR was 113.1 (14.9)mL/min/1.73m2, and in the multivariable analysis, it was related to age, sex, percent body fat and 2-h glucose level post OGTT, but not to 25(OH)D. Furthermore, there was no relationship between eGFR and 25(OH)D across BMI categories.Our data suggest that measuring 25(OH)D in predominantly obese otherwise healthy individuals with no history of CKD may not be beneficial in early recognition of kidney disease.

AB - Evidence from observational studies indicates a role for vitamin D in kidney function and progression to chronic kidney disease. Findings from animal studies have proposed underlying mechanisms including increased activation of the renin-angiotensin system, increased blood pressure, insulin resistance and chronic low-grade inflammation. However, human studies are limited by confounders arising from heterogeneous samples of participants. We examined the relationship between 25(OH)D and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) in a predominantly obese otherwise healthy and drug-naive population with no history of chronic kidney disease (CKD).One hundred and twenty one non-diabetic (75g oral glucose tolerance test; OGTT) volunteers (70 males and 51 females), aged 18-57 years participated in the study. Median 25(OH)D level was 37nmol/L with no difference by sex. Twenty six participants (21.5%) had 25(OH)D <25 nmol/L, 75 participants (62%) had 25(OH)D of 25-49.99nmol/L, and 20 participants (16.5%) had 25(OH)D ≥50nmol/L. In univariate analysis, 25(OH)D was related negatively to percent body fat and 2-h glucose level post OGTT. Mean (SD) eGFR was 113.1 (14.9)mL/min/1.73m2, and in the multivariable analysis, it was related to age, sex, percent body fat and 2-h glucose level post OGTT, but not to 25(OH)D. Furthermore, there was no relationship between eGFR and 25(OH)D across BMI categories.Our data suggest that measuring 25(OH)D in predominantly obese otherwise healthy individuals with no history of CKD may not be beneficial in early recognition of kidney disease.

KW - 25(OH)D

KW - Chronic kidney disease

KW - Glomerular filtration rate

KW - Healthy population

KW - Vitamin D

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85001760492&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.jsbmb.2016.09.019

DO - 10.1016/j.jsbmb.2016.09.019

M3 - Article

VL - 173

SP - 253

EP - 257

JO - Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology

JF - Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology

SN - 0960-0760

ER -