Serotypes & penicillin susceptibility of Streptococcus pneumoniae isolated from children admitted to a tertiary teaching hospital in Malaysia

Prasanna Subramaniam, Kartini Abdul Jabar, Boon Pin Kee, Chun Wie Chong, Anna Marie Nathan, Jessie de Bruyne, Surendran Thavagnanam, Kek Heng Chua, Mohd Yasim Md Yusof, Cindy Shuan Ju Teh

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Abstract

Background & objectives: Streptococcus pneumoniae (pneumococcus) is a highly invasive extracellular pathogen that causes diseases such as pneumonia, otitis media and meningitis. This study was undertaken to determine the serotype diversity and penicillin susceptibility of S. pneumoniae isolated from paediatric patients in a tertiary teaching hospital in Malaysia. Methods: A total of 125 clinical isolates collected from January 2013 to May 2015 were serotyped using seven sequential multiplex polymerase chain reactions. The susceptibility of these isolates to penicillin was also investigated. Results: Serotypes detected among the isolates were serotypes 3, 6A/B, 6C, 11/A/D/F, 15A/F, 19A, 19F, 23A, 23F, 34. Serotypes 19F and 6A/B were the most prevalent serotypes detected. Most of the S. pneumoniae were isolated from nasopharyngeal samples of children below five years of age. Majority of the isolates were penicillin susceptible. Only 5.6 per cent of the isolates were non-susceptible to penicillin, mostly of serotype 19F. Interpretation & conclusions: Our study revealed the distribution of various serotypes in S. pneumoniae isolates obtained from children in a teaching hospital at Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia and decreasing rates of penicillin resistance among them. The shifts in serotypes and susceptibility to penicillin from time to time have been observed. Continuous monitoring and surveillance are pivotal for better infection control and management of pneumococcal infections among children.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)225-231
Number of pages7
JournalIndian Journal of Medical Research
Volume148
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Capsular typing
  • Pneumococcus
  • Pneumonia
  • Sequential multiplex PCR
  • Serotyping
  • Streptococcus pneumonia

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