Serotonin uptake via plasma membrane monoamine transporter during myocardial ischemia-reperfusion in the rat heart in vivo

Takashi Sonobe, Tsuyoshi Akiyama, Cheng-Kun Du, James T. Pearson

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Serotonin (5-HT) accumulates in the heart during myocardial ischemia and induces deleterious effects on the cardiomyocytes through receptor-dependent and monoamine oxidase-dependent pathways. We aimed to clarify the involvement of extra-neuronal monoamine transporters in the clearance of 5-HT during ischemia and reperfusion in the heart. Using a microdialysis technique in the anesthetized Wistar rat heart, we monitored myocardial interstitial 5-HT and 5-hydroxyindole acetic acid (5-HIAA) concentration by means of electro-chemical detection coupled with high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC-ECD). Effects of inhibitors of the plasma membrane monoamine transporter (PMAT) and the organic cation transporter 3 (OCT3) (decynium-22 and corticosterone) on the 5-HT and 5-HIAA concentrations during baseline, coronary occlusion, and reperfusion were investigated. Basal dialysate 5-HT concentration were increased by local administration of decynium-22, but not by corticosterone. Addition of fluoxetine, a serotonin transporter (SERT) inhibitor further increased the 5-HT concentration upon during administration of decynium-22. Decynium-22 elevated the background level of 5-HT during coronary occlusion and maintained 5-HT concentration at a high level during reperfusion. Production of 5-HIAA in the early reperfusion was significantly suppressed by decynium-22. These results indicate that PMAT and SERT independently regulate basal level of interstitial 5-HT, and PMAT plays a more important role in the clearance of 5-HT during reperfusion. These data suggest the involvement of PMAT in the monoamine oxidase-dependent deleterious pathway in the heart.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere14297
Number of pages10
JournalPhysiological Reports
Issue number22
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • 5-HT
  • in vivo cardiac microdialysis
  • ischemia reperfusion injury
  • organic cation transporter
  • plasma membrane monoamine transporter
  • serotonin transporter

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