Sequential ligand- and structure-based virtual screening approach for the identification of potential G protein-coupled estrogen receptor-1 (GPER-1) modulators

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Abstract

G protein-coupled estrogen receptor-1 (GPER-1) is a seven transmembrane receptor, responsible for mediating rapid estrogen signaling in many physiological responses in reproductive, nervous, endocrine, immune and cardiovascular systems. Due to unavailability of the crystal structure of GPER-1, we have performed sequential ligand-based virtual screening (LBVS) and structure-based screening (SBVS) to identify potential GPER-1 modulators. LBVS and SBVS approaches were validated retrospectively using the Receiver Operating Curve (ROC) plot and the early Enrichment Factor (EF). LBVS was performed based on a GPER-1 agonist, G1, as a query model for screening of the eMolecules library using the Rapid Overlay of Chemical Structure (ROCS) and the electrostatic potential screening (EON) approaches. Top-scored hits from LBVS were further screened by SBVS. SBVS was based on generating homology models of GPER-1 and subsequent molecular docking studies. Using Chemguass4 score, we filtered the final hits with the higher score in comparison to G1 (Chemguass4 score = -11.575). The top-ranked hits were clustered based on similarity in their scaffolds. Prospective validation was performed by evaluating the antiproliferative activity of synthesized compounds (SK0 and SK0P) which were representative of top hits obtained from our virtual screening approach.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2525-2538
Number of pages14
JournalRSC Advances
Volume9
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 23 Jan 2019

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