Sequence analysis of Toll-like receptor genes 1-10 of goat (Capra hircus)

A. Raja, A. R. Vignesh, B. Ann Mary, K. G. Tirumurugaan, G. Dhinakar Raj, Ranjith Kataria, B. P. Mishra, K. Kumanan

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21 Citations (Scopus)


This study involved cloning and sequencing of the coding regions of all 10 Toll-like receptor (TLR) genes of goat. Goat TLR 1-10 gene sequences revealed a high degree of nucleotide identity with sheep and cattle sequences (>90%) and 75-85% with pig, mouse and human sequences. At the amino acid level, 85-99% similarity was observed with sheep and cattle and 60-85% with pig, mouse and human. TLR9c DNA of goat showed the highest amino acid identity to that of sheep (99%) while TLR8 cDNA showed the lowest identity of 88.7% to that of sheep. Variations were seen in the number of leucine rich repeats (LRRs) of goat TLRs as compared to other ruminant species with maximum differences in the TLR3 gene. Phylogenetic analysis through molecular evolution and genetic analysis (MEGA) software and multi dimensional scaling revealed a high degree of conservation of goat TLRs with those from other species. However when the TIR domain of all the TLRs were compared, goat TLR7 TIR alone showed a high divergence of 19.3 as compared to sheep sequences. This is the first report of the full-length cDNA sequences of all the 10 TLR genes of goats which would be a useful tool for the study of evolutionary lineages and for phylogenetic analysis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)252-258
Number of pages7
JournalVeterinary Immunology and Immunopathology
Issue number3-4
Publication statusPublished - 15 Apr 2011
Externally publishedYes


  • Multi dimensional scaling
  • Phylogenetic tree
  • Sequence analysis
  • Sequencing
  • Simple modular architecture research tool
  • Toll-like receptors

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