SelfVIO: self-supervised deep monocular Visual–Inertial Odometry and depth estimation

Yasin Almalioglu, Mehmet Turan, Muhamad Risqi U. Saputra, Pedro P.B. de Gusmão, Andrew Markham, Niki Trigoni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

44 Citations (Scopus)


In the last decade, numerous supervised deep learning approaches have been proposed for visual–inertial odometry (VIO) and depth map estimation, which require large amounts of labelled data. To overcome the data limitation, self-supervised learning has emerged as a promising alternative that exploits constraints such as geometric and photometric consistency in the scene. In this study, we present a novel self-supervised deep learning-based VIO and depth map recovery approach (SelfVIO) using adversarial training and self-adaptive visual–inertial sensor fusion. SelfVIO learns the joint estimation of 6 degrees-of-freedom (6-DoF) ego-motion and a depth map of the scene from unlabelled monocular RGB image sequences and inertial measurement unit (IMU) readings. The proposed approach is able to perform VIO without requiring IMU intrinsic parameters and/or extrinsic calibration between IMU and the camera. We provide comprehensive quantitative and qualitative evaluations of the proposed framework and compare its performance with state-of-the-art VIO, VO, and visual simultaneous localization and mapping (VSLAM) approaches on the KITTI, EuRoC and Cityscapes datasets. Detailed comparisons prove that SelfVIO outperforms state-of-the-art VIO approaches in terms of pose estimation and depth recovery, making it a promising approach among existing methods in the literature.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)119-136
Number of pages18
JournalNeural Networks
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2022
Externally publishedYes


  • Deep sensor fusion
  • Generative adversarial networks
  • Geometry reconstruction
  • Machine perception
  • Self-supervised learning
  • visual–inertial odometry

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