Self-sensing paper-based actuators employing ferromagnetic nanoparticles and graphite

Hoang Phuong Phan, Toan Dinh, Tuan Khoa Nguyen, Ashkan Vatani, Abu Riduan Md Foisal, Afzaal Qamar, Atieh Ranjbar Kermany, Dzung Viet Dao, Nam Trung Nguyen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)


Paper-based microfluidics and sensors have attracted great attention. Although a large number of paper-based devices have been developed, surprisingly there are only a few studies investigating paper actuators. To fulfill the requirements for the integration of both sensors and actuators into paper, this work presents an unprecedented platform which utilizes ferromagnetic particles for actuation and graphite for motion monitoring. The use of the integrated mechanical sensing element eliminates the reliance on image processing for motion detection and also allows real-time measurements of the dynamic response in paper-based actuators. The proposed platform can also be quickly fabricated using a simple process, indicating its potential for controllable paper-based lab on chip.

Original languageEnglish
Article number144101
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Issue number14
Publication statusPublished - 3 Apr 2017
Externally publishedYes

Cite this