Self-regulatory driving and riding practices amongst older adults in Malaysia

Boon Hong Ang, Shaun Wen Huey Lee, Jennifer Oxley, Khai Khun Yap, Keang Peng Song, S. B. Kamaruzzaman, A. V. Chin, K. M. Tan, H. M. Khor, Won Sun Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


Introduction: The ability to drive longer and safely are crucial for many older adults. There is a growing evidence on self-regulatory practices amongst older drivers in developed countries, but limited studies are conducted in developing countries. This study aimed to explore self-regulatory practices amongst older Malaysian car drivers and motorcycle riders. Materials and methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted amongst older adults aged 60 years and above residing in two states located in the west coast of Peninsular Malaysia using a self-administered questionnaire. Stepwise regressions were performed to identify for key factors associated with driving/riding self-regulation and crash involvement. Multilevel modelling was conducted to examine the clustering effect of respondents recruited from the two states. Results: Six-hundred and thirty-seven respondents completed the questionnaire, with over three-quarters of them still driving/riding at the time of data collection. Physical fitness, behavioural and psychological changes experienced with advancing age were important motivators towards self-regulation. Motorcycle riders were found to be at a higher risk of crash involvement, and they were more prone to cease riding compared to car drivers. Conclusions: Self-regulatory practices amongst older car drivers and motorcycle riders were found to be different. As such, there is a need to customise evidenced-based approaches to cater for specific age groups and road users, particularly in a developing country like Malaysia, where motorcycle is often considered as an affordable mode of transport and is largely involved in road traffic crashes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)782-795
Number of pages14
JournalTransportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2019


  • Behaviour
  • Developing country
  • Mobility
  • Motorcyclist
  • Perception
  • Safety

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