Self-proxy agreement and weekly school travel behaviour in a sectarian divided society

Md Kamruzzaman, Julian Hine

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19 Citations (Scopus)


Proxy reports from parents and self-reported data from pupils have often been used interchangeably to identify factors influencing school travel behaviour. However, few studies have examined the validity of proxy reports as an alternative to self-reported data. In addition, despite research that has been conducted in a different context, little is known to date about the impact of different factors on school travel behaviour in a sectarian divided society. This research examines these issues using 1624 questionnaires collected from four independent samples (e.g. primary pupils, parent of primary pupils, secondary pupils, and parent of secondary pupils) across Northern Ireland. An independent sample t test was conducted to identify the differences in data reporting between pupils and parents for different age groups using the reported number of trips for different modes as dependent variables. Multivariate multiple regression analyses were conducted to then identify the impacts of different factors (e.g. gender, rural-urban context, multiple deprivations, and school management type, net residential density, land use diversity, intersection density) on mode choice behaviour in this context. Results show that proxy report is a valid alternative to self-reported data, but only for primary pupils. Land use diversity and rural-urban context were found to be the most important factors in influencing mode choice behaviour.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)74-85
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Transport Geography
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes


  • Convergent validity
  • Multivariate analysis
  • Northern Ireland
  • School travel behaviour
  • Sectarian division
  • Self-proxy agreement

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