Self-inflating bags versus T-piece resuscitator to deliver sustained inflations in a preterm lamb model

Marta Thio Lluch, Jennifer Anne Dawson, Timothy James Murugesan Moss, Robert Galinsky, Anthony Rafferty, Stuart Brian Hooper, Peter G Davis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

In neonatal resuscitation, the use of a sustained inflation (SI) may facilitate lung aeration. Previous studies comparing different resuscitation devices have shown that one model of self-inflating bag (SIB) could not deliver an SI. We aimed to compare the delivery of an SI using four SIBs with that of a T-piece. STUDY DESIGN: In intubated preterm lambs, we compared four models of SIB fitted with a positive end expiratory pressure (PEEP) valve to a T-piece using a gas flow of 8 L/min. Four operators aimed to deliver three SIs of 20 cm H2O for 30 s. The study was repeated with the PEEP valve removed and again with no flow. We measured duration of SI, average inflation pressure (IP) and analysed the shape of the pressure curves. RESULTS: 204 combinations were analysed. Mean (SD) duration of SI was Ambu 6(2)s, Laerdal 14(8)s, Parker Healthcare 5(1)s, Mayo Healthcare 33(2)s and T-piece 33(1)s. Mean (SD) average IP was Ambu 17(3)cm H2O, Laerdal 17(3)cm H2O, Parker Healthcare 12(5)cm H2O, Mayo Healthcare 21(2)cm H2O and T-piece 20(0)cm H2O. Duration of SI and average IP was significantly different between SIBs (all p0.05). Only the Mayo system delivered SIs with duration and average IP not significantly different from the T-piece (p>0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The performance of the four SIBs tested varied considerably. Some are able to deliver an SI even in the absence of gas flow. This may be useful in a resource-limited setting with no gas supply.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)F274 - F277
Number of pages4
JournalArchives of Disease in Childhood: Fetal and Neonatal Edition
Volume99
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Cite this

@article{a1e064bf909a44678fce795d646f05ec,
title = "Self-inflating bags versus T-piece resuscitator to deliver sustained inflations in a preterm lamb model",
abstract = "In neonatal resuscitation, the use of a sustained inflation (SI) may facilitate lung aeration. Previous studies comparing different resuscitation devices have shown that one model of self-inflating bag (SIB) could not deliver an SI. We aimed to compare the delivery of an SI using four SIBs with that of a T-piece. STUDY DESIGN: In intubated preterm lambs, we compared four models of SIB fitted with a positive end expiratory pressure (PEEP) valve to a T-piece using a gas flow of 8 L/min. Four operators aimed to deliver three SIs of 20 cm H2O for 30 s. The study was repeated with the PEEP valve removed and again with no flow. We measured duration of SI, average inflation pressure (IP) and analysed the shape of the pressure curves. RESULTS: 204 combinations were analysed. Mean (SD) duration of SI was Ambu 6(2)s, Laerdal 14(8)s, Parker Healthcare 5(1)s, Mayo Healthcare 33(2)s and T-piece 33(1)s. Mean (SD) average IP was Ambu 17(3)cm H2O, Laerdal 17(3)cm H2O, Parker Healthcare 12(5)cm H2O, Mayo Healthcare 21(2)cm H2O and T-piece 20(0)cm H2O. Duration of SI and average IP was significantly different between SIBs (all p0.05). Only the Mayo system delivered SIs with duration and average IP not significantly different from the T-piece (p>0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The performance of the four SIBs tested varied considerably. Some are able to deliver an SI even in the absence of gas flow. This may be useful in a resource-limited setting with no gas supply.",
author = "{Thio Lluch}, Marta and Dawson, {Jennifer Anne} and Moss, {Timothy James Murugesan} and Robert Galinsky and Anthony Rafferty and Hooper, {Stuart Brian} and Davis, {Peter G}",
year = "2014",
doi = "10.1136/archdischild-2013-305239",
language = "English",
volume = "99",
pages = "F274 -- F277",
journal = "Archives of Disease in Childhood: Fetal and Neonatal Edition",
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Self-inflating bags versus T-piece resuscitator to deliver sustained inflations in a preterm lamb model. / Thio Lluch, Marta; Dawson, Jennifer Anne; Moss, Timothy James Murugesan; Galinsky, Robert; Rafferty, Anthony; Hooper, Stuart Brian; Davis, Peter G.

In: Archives of Disease in Childhood: Fetal and Neonatal Edition, Vol. 99, No. 4, 2014, p. F274 - F277.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Self-inflating bags versus T-piece resuscitator to deliver sustained inflations in a preterm lamb model

AU - Thio Lluch, Marta

AU - Dawson, Jennifer Anne

AU - Moss, Timothy James Murugesan

AU - Galinsky, Robert

AU - Rafferty, Anthony

AU - Hooper, Stuart Brian

AU - Davis, Peter G

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - In neonatal resuscitation, the use of a sustained inflation (SI) may facilitate lung aeration. Previous studies comparing different resuscitation devices have shown that one model of self-inflating bag (SIB) could not deliver an SI. We aimed to compare the delivery of an SI using four SIBs with that of a T-piece. STUDY DESIGN: In intubated preterm lambs, we compared four models of SIB fitted with a positive end expiratory pressure (PEEP) valve to a T-piece using a gas flow of 8 L/min. Four operators aimed to deliver three SIs of 20 cm H2O for 30 s. The study was repeated with the PEEP valve removed and again with no flow. We measured duration of SI, average inflation pressure (IP) and analysed the shape of the pressure curves. RESULTS: 204 combinations were analysed. Mean (SD) duration of SI was Ambu 6(2)s, Laerdal 14(8)s, Parker Healthcare 5(1)s, Mayo Healthcare 33(2)s and T-piece 33(1)s. Mean (SD) average IP was Ambu 17(3)cm H2O, Laerdal 17(3)cm H2O, Parker Healthcare 12(5)cm H2O, Mayo Healthcare 21(2)cm H2O and T-piece 20(0)cm H2O. Duration of SI and average IP was significantly different between SIBs (all p0.05). Only the Mayo system delivered SIs with duration and average IP not significantly different from the T-piece (p>0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The performance of the four SIBs tested varied considerably. Some are able to deliver an SI even in the absence of gas flow. This may be useful in a resource-limited setting with no gas supply.

AB - In neonatal resuscitation, the use of a sustained inflation (SI) may facilitate lung aeration. Previous studies comparing different resuscitation devices have shown that one model of self-inflating bag (SIB) could not deliver an SI. We aimed to compare the delivery of an SI using four SIBs with that of a T-piece. STUDY DESIGN: In intubated preterm lambs, we compared four models of SIB fitted with a positive end expiratory pressure (PEEP) valve to a T-piece using a gas flow of 8 L/min. Four operators aimed to deliver three SIs of 20 cm H2O for 30 s. The study was repeated with the PEEP valve removed and again with no flow. We measured duration of SI, average inflation pressure (IP) and analysed the shape of the pressure curves. RESULTS: 204 combinations were analysed. Mean (SD) duration of SI was Ambu 6(2)s, Laerdal 14(8)s, Parker Healthcare 5(1)s, Mayo Healthcare 33(2)s and T-piece 33(1)s. Mean (SD) average IP was Ambu 17(3)cm H2O, Laerdal 17(3)cm H2O, Parker Healthcare 12(5)cm H2O, Mayo Healthcare 21(2)cm H2O and T-piece 20(0)cm H2O. Duration of SI and average IP was significantly different between SIBs (all p0.05). Only the Mayo system delivered SIs with duration and average IP not significantly different from the T-piece (p>0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The performance of the four SIBs tested varied considerably. Some are able to deliver an SI even in the absence of gas flow. This may be useful in a resource-limited setting with no gas supply.

UR - http://fn.bmj.com/content/99/4/F274.full.pdf+html

U2 - 10.1136/archdischild-2013-305239

DO - 10.1136/archdischild-2013-305239

M3 - Article

VL - 99

SP - F274 - F277

JO - Archives of Disease in Childhood: Fetal and Neonatal Edition

JF - Archives of Disease in Childhood: Fetal and Neonatal Edition

SN - 1359-2998

IS - 4

ER -