Self-controlled PMSM drive employed in light electric vehicle-dynamic strategy and performance optimization

Chiranjit Sain, Pabitra Kumar Biswas, Priya Ranjan Satpathy, Thanikanti Sudhakar Babu, Hassan Haes Alhelou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


This proposed work demonstrates the illustration of dynamic performance intensification of a Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor (PMSM) employed by a PWM controlled inverter which synchronizes with the rotor movement intimation. PMSM are widely hired in electric vehicles since it possesses better dynamic response, improved torque-speed property, and reduced noise, energy-efficient and power factor in comparison with traditional motors. In the present work, it is observed that by few modifications of the position control strategy as good as sinusoidal stator currents response generates less torque ripples. The mathematical model for PMSM is derived from park's transformation. Further, a maiden attempt is taken to introduce the performance indicator 'sensor angle' to estimate the rotor position in this strategy. From the established model, the various dynamic behavior of the drive system is determined analytically without and under various load disturbances. Additionally, a particle swarm optimization (PSO) technique is adopted to optimize the performance of the proposed dynamic strategy. An efficient speed control strategy by the variation of DC bus voltage is achieved which is equivalent to the armature voltage control of the conventional dc machine. Further, efficient and simple control circuitry of the voltage source inverter (VSI) is obtained in this strategy. To verify the efficacy of the proposed algorithm, necessary tests are carried out in a real-time setup. Therefore, an improved control strategy obtained from the simulation and an experimental approach meets the dynamic behavior employed in light weight electric vehicles.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)57967-57975
Number of pages9
JournalIEEE Access
Publication statusPublished - 13 Apr 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • Dynamic response
  • light vehicle
  • permanent magnet synchronous motor
  • pulse width modulation (PWM)
  • rotor position
  • speed control

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