Self-concept and self-esteem after acquired brain injury: a control group comparison

Jennie Louise Ponsford, Amber Lilyan Kelly, Grace Mary Couchman

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26 Citations (Scopus)


Primary objective: This study examined the multidimensional self-concept, global self-esteem and psychological adjustment of individuals with traumatic brain injury (TBI) as compared with healthy controls. Research design: Group comparison on self-report questionnaires. Methods and procedures: Forty-one individuals who had sustained a TBI were compared with an age- and gender-matched sample of 41 trauma-free control participants on the Rosenberg Self Esteem Scale, the Tennessee Self Concept Scale (second edition) and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scales (HADS). Main outcomes and results: Participants with TBI rated significantly lower mean levels of global self-esteem and self-concept on the Rosenberg Self Esteem Scale and Tennessee Self Concept Scale than the control group. Survivors of TBI rated themselves more poorly on a range of self-dimensions, including social, family, academic/work and personal self-concept compared to controls. They also reported higher mean levels of depression and anxiety on the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. Overall self-concept was most strongly associated with depressive symptoms and anxiety. Conclusions: Self-concept may be lowered following TBI and is associated with negative emotional consequences. Clinicians may improve the emotional adjustment of survivors of TBI by considering particular dimensions of self-concept for intervention focus
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)146 - 154
Number of pages9
JournalBrain Injury
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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