Self-assembled 2D perovskite layers for efficient printable solar cells

Chuantian Zuo, Andrew D. Scully, Doojin Vak, Wenliang Tan, Xuechen Jiao, Christopher R. McNeill, Dechan Angmo, Liming Ding, Mei Gao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

100 Citations (Scopus)


2D organic–inorganic hybrid Ruddlesden–Popper perovskites have emerged recently as candidates for the light-absorbing layer in solar cell technology due largely to their impressive operational stability compared with their 3D-perovskite counterparts. The methods reported to date for the preparation of efficient 2D perovksite layers for solar cells involve a nonscalable spin-coating step. In this work, a facile, spin-coating-free, directly scalable drop-cast method is reported for depositing precursor solutions that self-assemble into highly oriented, uniform 2D-perovskite films in air, yielding perovskite solar cells with power conversion efficiencies (PCE) of up to 14.9% (certified PCE of 14.33% ± 0.34 at 0.078 cm2). This is the highest PCE to date for a solar cell with 2D-perovskite layers fabricated by nonspin-coating method. The PCEs of the cells display no evidence of degradation after storage in a nitrogen glovebox for more than 5 months. 2D-perovskite layer deposition using a slot-die process is also investigated for the first time. Perovskite solar cells fabricated using batch slot-die coating on a glass substrate or R2R slot-die coating on a flexible substrate produced PCEs of 12.5% and 8.0%, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1803258
Number of pages9
JournalAdvanced Energy Materials
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 24 Jan 2019


  • 2D perovskite solar cells
  • drop-cast
  • printable solar cells
  • self-assembly

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