Selenium, selenoproteins and neurodegenerative diseases

Bárbara Rita Cardoso, Blaine R. Roberts, Ashley I. Bush, Dominic J. Hare

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleResearchpeer-review

128 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

It is unsurprising that our understanding of the role of selenium in neurological function is somewhat immature, considering its relatively recent discovery as an essential element to human health. Selenocysteine, the 21st amino acid, is the defining feature of the 25 selenoprotein-encoding genes so far discovered within the human genome. The low abundance of these proteins in the brain belies the integral role they play in normal neurological function, from well-characterised antioxidant activity in the periphery to poorly understood mechanisms that modulate mitochondrial function and response to brain pathology. Selenium has been identified as playing a role in several neurodegenerative disorders, including Alzheimer's and Parkinson's disease, though its function as a 'cause or effect' of disease process remains unclear. This review discusses selenium metabolism in detail, specifically with regard to the role it plays within the central nervous system, and examines the most current literature investigating how selenium may be involved in chronic diseases of the central nervous system.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1213-1228
Number of pages16
JournalMetallomics
Volume7
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2015
Externally publishedYes

Cite this