Seeing it both ways: Using a double-cuing task to investigate the role of spatial cuing in level-1 visual perspective-taking

John Michael, Thomas Wolf, Clément Letesson, Stephen Butterfill, Joshua Skewes, Jakob Hohwy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


Previous research using the dot-perspective task has produced evidence that humans may be equipped with a mechanism that spontaneously tracks others' gaze direction and thereby acquires information about what they can see. Other findings, however, support the alternative hypothesis that a spatial-cuing mechanism underpins the effect observed in the dot-perspective task. To adjudicate between these hypotheses, we developed a double-cuing version of Posner's (1980) spatial-cuing paradigm to be implemented in the dot-perspective task, and conducted 3 experiments in which we manipulated stimulus-onset asynchrony, as well as secondary task demands. Crucially, the 2 conflicting hypotheses generated divergent patterns of predictions across these experimental conditions. Our results support the hypothesis of an automatic perspective-taking mechanism.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)693-702
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - May 2018


  • Attention
  • Implicit processing
  • Level-1 visual perspective-taking
  • Spatial cuing
  • Theory of mind

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