"Seeing" hate crime in the community: Do resident perceptions of hate crime align with self-reported victimization?

Rebecca Wickes, Michelle Sydes, Kathryn Benier, Angela Higginson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Hate crimes undermine tolerance and social inclusion by conveying an “outsider” status of the victim and other group members to the broader community. Yet, limited research considers whether non-victims recognize hate crime incidents when they occur. Using census and survey data for 4,000 residents living in 145 communities, we ask whether local residents “see” hate crime when it happens in their neighborhood and whether the neighborhood context influences the association between residents’ perceptions of hate crime and self-reported hate victimization. We find that residents’ perceptions are positively related to victim self-reports; however, this relationship weakens in ethnically diverse and disadvantaged areas. This suggests that residents’ perceptions of hate crime may be more dependent upon the community context than non-hate crimes.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)875–896
Number of pages22
JournalCrime & Deliquency
Volume63
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • disadvantage
  • ethnic diversity
  • hate crime
  • victimization

Cite this

@article{c0e8c204bdbd4818a7c9422489b3b4c6,
title = "{"}Seeing{"} hate crime in the community: Do resident perceptions of hate crime align with self-reported victimization?",
abstract = "Hate crimes undermine tolerance and social inclusion by conveying an “outsider” status of the victim and other group members to the broader community. Yet, limited research considers whether non-victims recognize hate crime incidents when they occur. Using census and survey data for 4,000 residents living in 145 communities, we ask whether local residents “see” hate crime when it happens in their neighborhood and whether the neighborhood context influences the association between residents’ perceptions of hate crime and self-reported hate victimization. We find that residents’ perceptions are positively related to victim self-reports; however, this relationship weakens in ethnically diverse and disadvantaged areas. This suggests that residents’ perceptions of hate crime may be more dependent upon the community context than non-hate crimes.",
keywords = "disadvantage, ethnic diversity, hate crime, victimization",
author = "Rebecca Wickes and Michelle Sydes and Kathryn Benier and Angela Higginson",
year = "2017",
doi = "10.1177/0011128715625079",
language = "English",
volume = "63",
pages = "875–896",
journal = "Crime & Deliquency",
issn = "0011-1287",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Ltd",
number = "7",

}

"Seeing" hate crime in the community : Do resident perceptions of hate crime align with self-reported victimization? / Wickes, Rebecca ; Sydes, Michelle ; Benier, Kathryn ; Higginson, Angela.

In: Crime & Deliquency, Vol. 63, No. 7, 2017, p. 875–896.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - "Seeing" hate crime in the community

T2 - Do resident perceptions of hate crime align with self-reported victimization?

AU - Wickes, Rebecca

AU - Sydes, Michelle

AU - Benier, Kathryn

AU - Higginson, Angela

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - Hate crimes undermine tolerance and social inclusion by conveying an “outsider” status of the victim and other group members to the broader community. Yet, limited research considers whether non-victims recognize hate crime incidents when they occur. Using census and survey data for 4,000 residents living in 145 communities, we ask whether local residents “see” hate crime when it happens in their neighborhood and whether the neighborhood context influences the association between residents’ perceptions of hate crime and self-reported hate victimization. We find that residents’ perceptions are positively related to victim self-reports; however, this relationship weakens in ethnically diverse and disadvantaged areas. This suggests that residents’ perceptions of hate crime may be more dependent upon the community context than non-hate crimes.

AB - Hate crimes undermine tolerance and social inclusion by conveying an “outsider” status of the victim and other group members to the broader community. Yet, limited research considers whether non-victims recognize hate crime incidents when they occur. Using census and survey data for 4,000 residents living in 145 communities, we ask whether local residents “see” hate crime when it happens in their neighborhood and whether the neighborhood context influences the association between residents’ perceptions of hate crime and self-reported hate victimization. We find that residents’ perceptions are positively related to victim self-reports; however, this relationship weakens in ethnically diverse and disadvantaged areas. This suggests that residents’ perceptions of hate crime may be more dependent upon the community context than non-hate crimes.

KW - disadvantage

KW - ethnic diversity

KW - hate crime

KW - victimization

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85019106699&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/0011128715625079

DO - 10.1177/0011128715625079

M3 - Article

VL - 63

SP - 875

EP - 896

JO - Crime & Deliquency

JF - Crime & Deliquency

SN - 0011-1287

IS - 7

ER -