This study aimed to investigate the spread of activation and part-set effect in attrited semantic sets, the relationship between multiple intelligences and second language attrition, and the differences between high and low attriters' intelligence levels in 54 lower-intermediate and beginner participants after 1 to 35 years of disuse. After identifying attrited words through a 133-word checklist of 12 semantic sets, translation and match-making tasks were devised to investigate the spread of activation. The results showed that the spread of activation is not significantly different between the recognition and production levels or across proficiency levels, and that it is unrelated to the length of disuse. Furthermore, this study shows that the part-set effect exists in semantic sets, so it could be hypothesized that the quick relearning of languages might be due to the spread of activation. Additionally, a significant relationship was found between musical intelligence and the amount of attrition in low attriters, as well as a significant difference between high and low attriters in terms of intrapersonal intelligence. Thus, these might be a few of the variables that are key in reducing the amount of attrition in this study.
|Translated title of the contribution||Second language attrition and activation: Are multiple intelligence profiles and semantic categorization playing a role?|
|Number of pages||15|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 2011|
- Multiple intelligences
- Spreading activation