SDSS J080449.49+161624.8: A peculiar AM CVn star from a colour-selected sample of candidates

Gijs H A Roelofs, P. J. Groot, D. Steeghs, Arne Rau, Eelco de Groot, Thomas R. Marsh, Gijs Nelemans, J. Liebert, P A Woudt

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Abstract

We describe a spectroscopic survey designed to uncover an estimated ∼40 AM Canum Venaticorum (AM CVn) stars hiding in the photometric data base of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey. We have constructed a relatively small sample of about 1500 candidates based on a colour selection, which should contain the majority of all AM CVn binaries while remaining small enough that spectroscopic identification of the full sample is feasible. We present the first new AM CVn star discovered using this strategy, SDSS J080449.49+161624.8, the ultracompact binary nature of which is demonstrated using high-time-resolution spectroscopy obtained with the Magellan telescopes at Las Campanas Observatory, Chile. A kinematic 'S-wave' feature is observed on a period P orb = 44.5 ± 0.1 min, which we propose is the orbital period, although the present data cannot yet exclude its nearest daily aliases. The new AM CVn star shows a peculiar spectrum of broad, single-peaked helium emission lines with unusually strong series of ionized helium, reminiscent of the (intermediate) polars among the hydrogen-rich cataclysmic variables. We speculate that SDSS J0804+1616 may be the first magnetic AM CVn star. The accreted material appears to be enriched in nitrogen, to N/O ≳ 10 and N/C > 10 by number, indicating CNO cycle hydrogen burning, but no helium burning, in the prior evolution of the donor star.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)367-374
Number of pages8
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume394
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2009
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Accretion, accretion discs
  • Binaries: close
  • Novae, cataclysmic variables
  • Stars: individual: SDSS J080449.49+161624.8
  • White dwarfs

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