Scope and challenges of nanoparticle-based mRNA delivery in cancer treatment

Md. Emranul Karim, Sheikh Tanzina Haque, Hamed Al-Busaidi, Athirah Bakhtiar, Kyi Kyi Tha, Mark M. Banaszak Holl, Ezharul Hoque Chowdhury

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleResearchpeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


Messenger RNA (mRNA) recently emerged as an appealing alternative to treat and prevent diseases ranging from cancer and Alzheimer’s disease to COVID-19 with significant clinical outputs. The in vitro-transcribed mRNA has been engineered to mimic the structure of natural mRNA for vaccination, cancer immunotherapy and protein replacement therapy. In past decades, significant progress has been noticed in unveiling the molecular pathways of mRNA, controlling its translatability and stability, and its evolutionary defense mechanism. However, numerous unsolved structural, biological, and technical difficulties hamper the successful implementation of systemic delivery of mRNA for safer human consumption. Advances in designing and manufacturing mRNA and selecting innovative delivery vehicles are mandatory to address the unresolved issues and achieve the full potential of mRNA drugs. Despite the substantial efforts made to improve the intracellular delivery of mRNA drugs, challenges associated with diverse applications in different routes still exist. This study examines the current progress of mRNA therapeutics and advancements in designing biomaterials and delivery strategies, the existing translational challenges of clinical tractability and the prospects of overcoming any challenges related to mRNA.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)865-893
Number of pages29
JournalArchives of Pharmacal Research
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2022


  • Clinical trials
  • Delivery challenges
  • Gene therapy
  • mRNA
  • Nanotechnology
  • Preclinical studies translational challenges

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