Scattering of the Fundamental Anti-symmetric Lamb Wave by a Mid-plane Edge Delamination in a Fiber-composite Laminate

W. K. Chiu, L. R.F. Rose, N. Nadarajah

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference PaperOther

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper investigates the scattering of the fundamental anti-symmetric Lamb wave mode by a delamination along the edge of a quasi-isotropic fiber-composite laminate. Delaminations pose a serious threat to the structural integrity of composite laminates as they often show no visible signs of damage on the surface. Due to the anisotropic nature of composites, analytical solutions are often complicated to derive for such problems. This investigation uses 3D Finite Element (FE) analysis and experimental tools to characterize the scatter by a mid-plane delamination in composites. A 5.5 cycle Hann windowed wave train was used as the input signal for both FE and experiments. A 2D Fast Fourier Transform was used to identify the mode and amplitude of the scattered field along various scattered directions. The experimental wave field image was captured using a 3D Laser Vibrometer. The results indicate that the scatter pattern is much more complex than previously obtained results for an isotropic plate. Even for the simple case of mid-plane delamination, the fiber steering effects in the outermost plies have a significant effect on the scattering pattern, relative to the isotropic case where the dominant part of the scattered field is an edge-guided wave. Computational and experimental results are presented for the scattering pattern and scattering amplitude as a function of damage size relative to wavelength. The implications of these results for the optimal placement of actuators and sensors for Structural Health Monitoring (SHM) purposes, and for devising effective approaches for the inverse problem of damage detection and sizing, are briefly discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProcedia Engineering
Pages317-324
Number of pages8
Volume188
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017
EventAsia-Pacific Workshop on Structural Health Monitoring 2016: From Sensing to Diagnosis and Prognosis - Hobart, Australia
Duration: 7 Dec 20169 Dec 2016
Conference number: 6th

Publication series

NameProcedia Engineering
PublisherElsevier
ISSN (Print)1877-7058

Workshop

WorkshopAsia-Pacific Workshop on Structural Health Monitoring 2016
Abbreviated titleAPWSHM 2016
CountryAustralia
CityHobart
Period7/12/169/12/16

Keywords

  • Delamination
  • Lamb waves
  • Quasi-isotropic laminate

Cite this

Chiu, W. K., Rose, L. R. F., & Nadarajah, N. (2017). Scattering of the Fundamental Anti-symmetric Lamb Wave by a Mid-plane Edge Delamination in a Fiber-composite Laminate. In Procedia Engineering (Vol. 188, pp. 317-324). (Procedia Engineering). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2017.04.490
Chiu, W. K. ; Rose, L. R.F. ; Nadarajah, N. / Scattering of the Fundamental Anti-symmetric Lamb Wave by a Mid-plane Edge Delamination in a Fiber-composite Laminate. Procedia Engineering. Vol. 188 2017. pp. 317-324 (Procedia Engineering).
@inproceedings{f7b43df297e54927a2d8ac0e58011732,
title = "Scattering of the Fundamental Anti-symmetric Lamb Wave by a Mid-plane Edge Delamination in a Fiber-composite Laminate",
abstract = "This paper investigates the scattering of the fundamental anti-symmetric Lamb wave mode by a delamination along the edge of a quasi-isotropic fiber-composite laminate. Delaminations pose a serious threat to the structural integrity of composite laminates as they often show no visible signs of damage on the surface. Due to the anisotropic nature of composites, analytical solutions are often complicated to derive for such problems. This investigation uses 3D Finite Element (FE) analysis and experimental tools to characterize the scatter by a mid-plane delamination in composites. A 5.5 cycle Hann windowed wave train was used as the input signal for both FE and experiments. A 2D Fast Fourier Transform was used to identify the mode and amplitude of the scattered field along various scattered directions. The experimental wave field image was captured using a 3D Laser Vibrometer. The results indicate that the scatter pattern is much more complex than previously obtained results for an isotropic plate. Even for the simple case of mid-plane delamination, the fiber steering effects in the outermost plies have a significant effect on the scattering pattern, relative to the isotropic case where the dominant part of the scattered field is an edge-guided wave. Computational and experimental results are presented for the scattering pattern and scattering amplitude as a function of damage size relative to wavelength. The implications of these results for the optimal placement of actuators and sensors for Structural Health Monitoring (SHM) purposes, and for devising effective approaches for the inverse problem of damage detection and sizing, are briefly discussed.",
keywords = "Delamination, Lamb waves, Quasi-isotropic laminate",
author = "Chiu, {W. K.} and Rose, {L. R.F.} and N. Nadarajah",
year = "2017",
doi = "10.1016/j.proeng.2017.04.490",
language = "English",
volume = "188",
series = "Procedia Engineering",
publisher = "Elsevier",
pages = "317--324",
booktitle = "Procedia Engineering",

}

Chiu, WK, Rose, LRF & Nadarajah, N 2017, Scattering of the Fundamental Anti-symmetric Lamb Wave by a Mid-plane Edge Delamination in a Fiber-composite Laminate. in Procedia Engineering. vol. 188, Procedia Engineering, pp. 317-324, Asia-Pacific Workshop on Structural Health Monitoring 2016, Hobart, Australia, 7/12/16. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2017.04.490

Scattering of the Fundamental Anti-symmetric Lamb Wave by a Mid-plane Edge Delamination in a Fiber-composite Laminate. / Chiu, W. K.; Rose, L. R.F.; Nadarajah, N.

Procedia Engineering. Vol. 188 2017. p. 317-324 (Procedia Engineering).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference PaperOther

TY - GEN

T1 - Scattering of the Fundamental Anti-symmetric Lamb Wave by a Mid-plane Edge Delamination in a Fiber-composite Laminate

AU - Chiu, W. K.

AU - Rose, L. R.F.

AU - Nadarajah, N.

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - This paper investigates the scattering of the fundamental anti-symmetric Lamb wave mode by a delamination along the edge of a quasi-isotropic fiber-composite laminate. Delaminations pose a serious threat to the structural integrity of composite laminates as they often show no visible signs of damage on the surface. Due to the anisotropic nature of composites, analytical solutions are often complicated to derive for such problems. This investigation uses 3D Finite Element (FE) analysis and experimental tools to characterize the scatter by a mid-plane delamination in composites. A 5.5 cycle Hann windowed wave train was used as the input signal for both FE and experiments. A 2D Fast Fourier Transform was used to identify the mode and amplitude of the scattered field along various scattered directions. The experimental wave field image was captured using a 3D Laser Vibrometer. The results indicate that the scatter pattern is much more complex than previously obtained results for an isotropic plate. Even for the simple case of mid-plane delamination, the fiber steering effects in the outermost plies have a significant effect on the scattering pattern, relative to the isotropic case where the dominant part of the scattered field is an edge-guided wave. Computational and experimental results are presented for the scattering pattern and scattering amplitude as a function of damage size relative to wavelength. The implications of these results for the optimal placement of actuators and sensors for Structural Health Monitoring (SHM) purposes, and for devising effective approaches for the inverse problem of damage detection and sizing, are briefly discussed.

AB - This paper investigates the scattering of the fundamental anti-symmetric Lamb wave mode by a delamination along the edge of a quasi-isotropic fiber-composite laminate. Delaminations pose a serious threat to the structural integrity of composite laminates as they often show no visible signs of damage on the surface. Due to the anisotropic nature of composites, analytical solutions are often complicated to derive for such problems. This investigation uses 3D Finite Element (FE) analysis and experimental tools to characterize the scatter by a mid-plane delamination in composites. A 5.5 cycle Hann windowed wave train was used as the input signal for both FE and experiments. A 2D Fast Fourier Transform was used to identify the mode and amplitude of the scattered field along various scattered directions. The experimental wave field image was captured using a 3D Laser Vibrometer. The results indicate that the scatter pattern is much more complex than previously obtained results for an isotropic plate. Even for the simple case of mid-plane delamination, the fiber steering effects in the outermost plies have a significant effect on the scattering pattern, relative to the isotropic case where the dominant part of the scattered field is an edge-guided wave. Computational and experimental results are presented for the scattering pattern and scattering amplitude as a function of damage size relative to wavelength. The implications of these results for the optimal placement of actuators and sensors for Structural Health Monitoring (SHM) purposes, and for devising effective approaches for the inverse problem of damage detection and sizing, are briefly discussed.

KW - Delamination

KW - Lamb waves

KW - Quasi-isotropic laminate

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85020482278&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.proeng.2017.04.490

DO - 10.1016/j.proeng.2017.04.490

M3 - Conference Paper

VL - 188

T3 - Procedia Engineering

SP - 317

EP - 324

BT - Procedia Engineering

ER -