Scalability of continuous flow production of metal-organic frameworks

Marta Rubio-Martinez, Trevor D. Hadley, Michael P. Batten, Keri Constanti-Carey, TIm Barton, Dylan Marley, Andreas Monch, Kok-Seng Lim, Matthew R. Hill

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

71 Citations (Scopus)


Achieving the large-scale production of metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) is crucial for their utilization in applied settings. For many MOFs, quality suffers from large-scale, batch reaction systems. We have developed continuous processes for their production which showed promise owing to their versatility and the high quality of the products. Here, we report the successful upscaling of this concept by more than two orders of magnitude to deliver unprecedented production rates and space-time-yields (STYs) while maintaining the product quality. Encouragingly, no change in the reaction parameters, obtained at small scale, was required. The production of aluminium fumarate was achieved at an STY of 97 159 kg m-3 day-1 and a rate of 5.6 kg h-1.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)938-941
Number of pages4
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 10 May 2016


  • aluminum fumarate
  • flow chemistry
  • metal-organic frameworks
  • rheology
  • synthetic methods

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