Safety outcomes for incident responders operating on high speed roads: an analysis of the relationship with behaviour, motivation and role clarity

Sharon Newnam, Amanda Stephens, Carlyn Muir, Simon Bruce, Tim Austin, Tony Mazzeo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review


High-speed roads present a considerable level of risk for frontline workers operating in these environments. To optimise safety, prevention activities need to target the key skills required to mitigate risk. The aim of this research was to explore the behavioural (compliance, participation, voice), motivational (safety motivation) and work demand (role clarity) factors that influence safety outcomes for incident responders working on high-speed roads. Safety outcomes included secondary incidents and near misses with passing vehicles. A total of 295 complete survey responses were received from six emergency service and incident response agencies in one Australian state. Data were analysed using structural equation modelling. The results showed that higher levels of safety voice, safety motivation and, role clarity were significantly associated with safer self-reported safety outcomes after controlling for the number of incidents attended. The findings from this study will be used to guide the development of a training program to improve the cognitive, behavioural and perceptual skills of incident responders operating on high-speed roads. Some insight into the structure and format of this program is provided.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0247095
Number of pages13
JournalPLoS ONE
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2021

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