Safety and efficacy of targeting platelet proteinase-activated receptors in combination with existing anti-platelet drugs as antithrombotics in mice

Hannah Lee, Sharelle Anne Sturgeon, Jessica Kate Mountford, Shaun Jackson, Justin Raymond Hamilton

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Developing novel anti-platelet strategies is fundamental to reducing the impact of thrombotic diseases. Thrombin activates platelets via proteinase-activated receptors (PARs), and PAR antagonists are being evaluated in clinical trials for prevention of arterial thrombosis. However, one such trial was recently suspended due to increased bleeding in patients receiving a PAR 1 antagonist in addition to anti-platelet drugs that most often included both aspirin and clopidogrel. Therefore, it remains unclear how to best manipulate PARs for safe antithrombotic activity. To address this, we have examined potential interactions between existing anti-platelet drugs and strategies that target PARs. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH We used in vivo mouse models in which interactions between various anti-platelet strategies could be evaluated. We examined the effects on thrombosis and haemostasis in PAR 4-/- mice (platelets unresponsive to thrombin) treated with therapeutic doses of either aspirin or clopidogrel. KEY RESULTS Using a model in which occlusive thrombosis occurred in PAR 4-/- mice or wild-type mice treated with aspirin or clopidogrel, PAR 4-/- mice treated with either anti-platelet agent showed marked protection against thrombosis. This antithrombotic effect occurred without any effect on haemostasis with aspirin, but not clopidogrel. Furthermore, specifically targeting thrombin-induced platelet activation (via PARs) improved the therapeutic window of non-specifically inhibiting thrombin functions (via anticoagulants). CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS Our results indicate that PAR antagonists used in combination with aspirin provide a potent yet safe antithrombotic strategy in mice and provide insights into the safety and efficacy of using PAR antagonists for the prevention of acute coronary syndromes in humans. A? 2012 The British Pharmacological Society. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Reaxys Database
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2188 - 2197
Number of pages10
JournalBritish Journal of Pharmacology
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2012

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