Safety and efficacy of a bioabsorbable polymer-coated, everolimus-eluting coronary stent in patients with diabetes: the EVOLVE II diabetes substudy

Dean J. Kereiakes, Ian T. Meredith, Monica Masotti, Didier Carrié, Raul Moreno, Andrejs Erglis, Shamir R. Mehta, Simon Elhadad, Jacques Berland, Bernardo Stein, Juhani Airaksinen, R.Lee Jobe, Arthur Reitman, Luc Janssens, Thomas Christen, Keith D. Dawkins, Stephan Windecker

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13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aims: Bioabsorbable polymer drug-eluting stents (DES) may reduce the inflammation and delayed healing associated with some permanent polymer-coated DES. Whether late clinical outcomes are improved, particularly among patients with medically treated diabetes, is unknown. Therefore, we analysed outcomes from a pre-specified substudy of the EVOLVE II trial to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of the SYNERGY stent in patients with diabetes mellitus. Methods and results: SYNERGY is a thin-strut, platinum-chromium everolimus-eluting stent with an ultra-thin bioabsorbable poly(DL-lactide-co-glycolide) abluminal polymer. The EVOLVE II randomised, controlled trial proved the non-inferiority of the SYNERGY versus the PROMUS Element Plus stent for one-year target lesion failure (TLF: ischaemia-driven target lesion revascularisation [ID-TLR], target vessel myocardial infarction [TVMI], or cardiac death). The pre-specified EVOLVE II diabetes substudy prospectively pooled randomised patients with diabetes (N=263) with a sequential single-arm diabetic cohort (n=203). The substudy primary endpoint was one-year TLF compared with a pre-specified performance goal (14.5%). The primary endpoint occurred in 7.5% of SYNERGY-treated patients with diabetes, significantly less than the performance goal (p<0.0001). The two-year rate of TLF was 11.2% (cardiac death 1.5%, TVMI 6.4%, ID-TLR 6.8%) and definite/probable stent thrombosis occurred in 1.1% of patients. Conclusions: The EVOLVE II diabetes substudy demonstrates the efficacy and safety of the SYNERGY stent in patients with medically treated diabetes. Clinical Trial Registration Information: NCT01665053 (http://clinicaltrials.gov/).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1987-1994
Number of pages8
JournalEuroIntervention
Volume12
Issue number16
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2017
Externally publishedYes

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