Safety and cost savings of reducing adult dengue hospitalization in a tertiary care hospital in Singapore

Linda K. Lee, Arul Earnest, Luis R. Carrasco, Tun L. Thein, Victor C. Gan, Vernon J. Lee, David C. Lye, Yee-Sin Leo

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Abstract

Background: Previously, most dengue cases in Singapore were hospitalized despite low incidence of dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) or death. To minimize hospitalization, the Communicable Disease Centre at Tan Tock Seng Hospital (TTSH) in Singapore implemented new admission criteria which included clinical, laboratory, and DHF predictive parameters in 2007. Method: All laboratory-confirmed dengue patients seen at TTSH during 2006-2008 were retrospectively reviewed for clinical data. Disease outcome and clinical parameters were compared over the 3 years. Results: There was a 33.0% mean decrease in inpatients after the new criteria were implemented compared with the period before (p<0.001). The proportion of inpatients with DHF increased significantly from 31.7% in 2006 to 34.4% in 2008 (p=0.008); 68 DHF cases were managed safely on an outpatient basis after compared with none before implementation. DHF inpatients had more serious signs such as clinical fluid accumulation (15.5% vs 2.9% of outpatients), while most DHF outpatients had hypoproteinemia (92.7% vs 81.3% of inpatients). The eight intensive care unit admissions and five deaths during this time period all occurred among inpatients. The new criteria resulted in a median cost saving of US$1.4 million to patients in 2008. Conclusion: The new dengue admission criteria were effective in sustainably reducing length of hospitalization, yielding considerable cost savings. A minority of DHF patients with mild symptoms recovered uneventfully through outpatient management.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbertrs009
Pages (from-to)37-42
Number of pages6
JournalTransactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Volume107
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Admission criteria
  • Arbovirus
  • Dengue hemorrhagic fever
  • Singapore
  • Triage

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