s- and p-Block Dinuclear Metal(loid) Complexes Bearing 1,4-Phenylene and 1,4-Cyclohexylene Bridged Bis(amidinate) Ligands

Palak Garg, Deepak Dange, Cameron Jones

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Treating two 2,6-diisopropylphenyl (Dip) substituted, 1,4-phenylene or 1,4-cyclohexylene bridged, bis(amidine)s, viz. C6Hn{[Dip(H)N](DipN=)C}2-1,4 (n = 4 (PhAmid2H2) or 10 (CyAmid2H2)), with groups 1 and 2 alkyl complexes, proceeded via alkane elimination and the formation of the lithium and magnesium bis(amidinate) complexes, [{(THF)2Li}2(µ-PhAmid2)], [{(THF)3K(µ-PhAmid2)K}], [(Et2O)IMg(µ-PhAmid2)MgI(OEt2)2], and [{(Et2O)2IMg}2(µ-CyAmid2)]. The crystal structures of the complexes reveal variable modes of coordination at the metal centre. Two lithium bis(amidinate) compounds have been utilized in salt elimination reactions with group 13 and 14 halides, yielding a series of bis(amidinato) aluminum(III), silicon(IV), germanium(II) and tin(II) halide complexes, viz. [(I2Al)2(µ-PhAmid2)], [(X3Si)2(µ-PhAmid2)] (X = Cl, Br or Cl/H), [(ClM)2(µ-PhAmid2)] (M = Ge or Sn), and [(ClGe)2(µ-CyAmid2)]. Attempts to reduce the bis(amidinato) metal(loid) halide complexes with a series of s-block metal reducing agents have been carried out, with the aim of obtaining dinuclear or polymeric bis(amidinato) metal(I) systems. However, these reductions typically led to intractable mixtures of products. In other attempted reductions, treating [(Cl2HSi)2(µ-PhAmid2)] with two N-heterocyclic carbenes (NHCs), :C{(RNCMe)2} (R = Me (TMC) or Pri (IPrIMe)) led to single dehydrochlorination reactions, affording the cyclohexa-2,5-diene-1,4-diylidene bridged bis(diamide) silicon(IV) complexes, [{(NHC)Cl2Si}{µ-(DipN)2C=(C6H4)=C(NDip)2}{SiHCl(NHC)}] (NHC = TMC or IPrIMe), in which the bis(amidinate) ligand has been transformed into a tetra(amide).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4037-4044
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Issue number42
Publication statusPublished - 15 Nov 2020


  • Bis(amidinate)
  • Dehydrochlorination
  • Polymers
  • Reducing agent
  • Reductive coupling

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