Rubidium, zirconium, and lithium production in massive AGB stars

M. A. Van Raai, M. Lugaro, A. I. Karakas, D. A. García-Hernández, D. Yong

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

A recent survey of a large sample of massive Galactic asymptotic giant branch (AGB) stars shows that significant overabundances of rubidium (up to 100 times solar) are present in these stars. Zirconium, on the other hand, is not enriched compared to the solar abundance. These observations can set constraints on our theoretical notion of the slow neutron capture process (the s process) in AGB stars, as well as on the rates of the neutron capture reactions involved in the production of Rb and Zr. Li abundances are also reported for these stars. Li is made via proton captures at the base of the convective envelope (hot bottom burning; HBB) in AGB models of mass higher than ≈ 5 M . We present predictions of Rb, Zr, and Li abundances for AGB stars of masses 5, 6, and 6.5 M. We find increasing Rb overabundances with increasing stellar mass, as observed, but we are far from matching the highest observed Rb enhancements, unless the third dredge up efficiency remains as high as before the onset of the superwind phase during the final few pulses of a massive AGB star. We predict large variations in the Li abundances, which are observed. Finally, we show that the Rb production increases with a decrease in the stellar metallicity, at a given mass. This result may be useful to constrain the source of abundance anomalies observed in Globular Cluster Stars.

Original languageEnglish
JournalProceedings of Science
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2008
EventInternational Symposium on Nuclei in the Cosmos 2008 - Mackinac Island, United States of America
Duration: 27 Jul 20081 Aug 2008
Conference number: 10th

Cite this

Van Raai, M. A., Lugaro, M., Karakas, A. I., García-Hernández, D. A., & Yong, D. (2008). Rubidium, zirconium, and lithium production in massive AGB stars. Proceedings of Science.
Van Raai, M. A. ; Lugaro, M. ; Karakas, A. I. ; García-Hernández, D. A. ; Yong, D. / Rubidium, zirconium, and lithium production in massive AGB stars. In: Proceedings of Science. 2008.
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abstract = "A recent survey of a large sample of massive Galactic asymptotic giant branch (AGB) stars shows that significant overabundances of rubidium (up to 100 times solar) are present in these stars. Zirconium, on the other hand, is not enriched compared to the solar abundance. These observations can set constraints on our theoretical notion of the slow neutron capture process (the s process) in AGB stars, as well as on the rates of the neutron capture reactions involved in the production of Rb and Zr. Li abundances are also reported for these stars. Li is made via proton captures at the base of the convective envelope (hot bottom burning; HBB) in AGB models of mass higher than ≈ 5 M ⊙. We present predictions of Rb, Zr, and Li abundances for AGB stars of masses 5, 6, and 6.5 M⊙. We find increasing Rb overabundances with increasing stellar mass, as observed, but we are far from matching the highest observed Rb enhancements, unless the third dredge up efficiency remains as high as before the onset of the superwind phase during the final few pulses of a massive AGB star. We predict large variations in the Li abundances, which are observed. Finally, we show that the Rb production increases with a decrease in the stellar metallicity, at a given mass. This result may be useful to constrain the source of abundance anomalies observed in Globular Cluster Stars.",
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Van Raai, MA, Lugaro, M, Karakas, AI, García-Hernández, DA & Yong, D 2008, 'Rubidium, zirconium, and lithium production in massive AGB stars', Proceedings of Science.

Rubidium, zirconium, and lithium production in massive AGB stars. / Van Raai, M. A.; Lugaro, M.; Karakas, A. I.; García-Hernández, D. A.; Yong, D.

In: Proceedings of Science, 01.12.2008.

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Rubidium, zirconium, and lithium production in massive AGB stars

AU - Van Raai, M. A.

AU - Lugaro, M.

AU - Karakas, A. I.

AU - García-Hernández, D. A.

AU - Yong, D.

PY - 2008/12/1

Y1 - 2008/12/1

N2 - A recent survey of a large sample of massive Galactic asymptotic giant branch (AGB) stars shows that significant overabundances of rubidium (up to 100 times solar) are present in these stars. Zirconium, on the other hand, is not enriched compared to the solar abundance. These observations can set constraints on our theoretical notion of the slow neutron capture process (the s process) in AGB stars, as well as on the rates of the neutron capture reactions involved in the production of Rb and Zr. Li abundances are also reported for these stars. Li is made via proton captures at the base of the convective envelope (hot bottom burning; HBB) in AGB models of mass higher than ≈ 5 M ⊙. We present predictions of Rb, Zr, and Li abundances for AGB stars of masses 5, 6, and 6.5 M⊙. We find increasing Rb overabundances with increasing stellar mass, as observed, but we are far from matching the highest observed Rb enhancements, unless the third dredge up efficiency remains as high as before the onset of the superwind phase during the final few pulses of a massive AGB star. We predict large variations in the Li abundances, which are observed. Finally, we show that the Rb production increases with a decrease in the stellar metallicity, at a given mass. This result may be useful to constrain the source of abundance anomalies observed in Globular Cluster Stars.

AB - A recent survey of a large sample of massive Galactic asymptotic giant branch (AGB) stars shows that significant overabundances of rubidium (up to 100 times solar) are present in these stars. Zirconium, on the other hand, is not enriched compared to the solar abundance. These observations can set constraints on our theoretical notion of the slow neutron capture process (the s process) in AGB stars, as well as on the rates of the neutron capture reactions involved in the production of Rb and Zr. Li abundances are also reported for these stars. Li is made via proton captures at the base of the convective envelope (hot bottom burning; HBB) in AGB models of mass higher than ≈ 5 M ⊙. We present predictions of Rb, Zr, and Li abundances for AGB stars of masses 5, 6, and 6.5 M⊙. We find increasing Rb overabundances with increasing stellar mass, as observed, but we are far from matching the highest observed Rb enhancements, unless the third dredge up efficiency remains as high as before the onset of the superwind phase during the final few pulses of a massive AGB star. We predict large variations in the Li abundances, which are observed. Finally, we show that the Rb production increases with a decrease in the stellar metallicity, at a given mass. This result may be useful to constrain the source of abundance anomalies observed in Globular Cluster Stars.

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M3 - Conference article

JO - Proceedings of Science

JF - Proceedings of Science

SN - 1824-8039

ER -

Van Raai MA, Lugaro M, Karakas AI, García-Hernández DA, Yong D. Rubidium, zirconium, and lithium production in massive AGB stars. Proceedings of Science. 2008 Dec 1.