Roles of the C Termini of α-, β-, and γ-Subunits of Epithelial Na+ Channels (ENaC) in Regulating ENaC and Mediating Its Inhibition by Cytosolic Na+

Anuwat Dinudom, Kieran F. Harvey, Permsak Komwatana, Corina N. Jolliffe, John A. Young, Sharad Kumar, David I. Cook

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The amiloride-sensitive epithelial Na+ channels (ENaC) in the intralobular duct cells of mouse mandibular glands are inhibited by the ubiquitin-protein ligase, Nedd4, which is activated by increased intracellular Na+. In this study we have used whole-cell patch clamp methods in mouse mandibular duct cells to investigate the role of the C termini of the α-, β-, and γ-subunits of ENaC in mediating this inhibition. We found that peptides corresponding to the C termini of the β- and γ-subunits, but not the α-subunit, inhibited the activity of the Na+ channels. This mechanism did not involve Nedd4 and probably resulted from the exogenous C termini interfering competitively with the protein-protein interactions that keep the channels active. In the case of the C terminus of mouse β-ENaC, the interacting motif included βSer 631, βAsp632, and βSer633. In the C terminus of mouse γ-ENaC, it included γSer640. Once these motifs were deleted, we were able to use the C termini of β- and γ-ENaC to prevent Nedd4-mediated down-regulation of Na+ channel activity. The C terminus of the α-subunit, on the contrary, did not prevent Nedd4-mediated inhibition of the Na+ channels. We conclude that mouse Nedd4 interacts with the β- and β-subunits of ENaC.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13744-13749
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number17
Publication statusPublished - 27 Apr 2001
Externally publishedYes

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