Roles of extracellular nucleotides and P2 receptors in ectodomain shedding

Aleta Pupovac, Ronald Sluyter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Ectodomain shedding of integral membrane receptors results in the release of soluble molecules and modification of the transmembrane portions to mediate or modulate extracellular and intracellular signalling. Ectodomain shedding is stimulated by a variety of mechanisms, including the activation of P2 receptors by extracellular nucleotides. This review describes in detail the roles of extracellular nucleotides and P2 receptors in the shedding of various cell surface molecules, including amyloid precursor protein, CD23, CD62L, and members of the epidermal growth factor, immunoglobulin and tumour necrosis factor families. This review discusses the mechanisms involved in P2 receptor-mediated shedding, demonstrating central roles for the P2 receptors, P2X7 and P2Y2, and the sheddases, ADAM10 and ADAM17, in this process in a number of cell types.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4159-4173
Number of pages15
JournalCellular and Molecular Life Sciences
Volume73
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2016

Keywords

  • Extracellular ATP
  • Extracellular UTP
  • Metalloprotease
  • P2X receptors
  • P2Y receptors
  • Purinergic signalling

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