Role of the helical structure of the N-terminal region of plasmodium falciparum merozoite surface protein 2 in fibril formation and membrane interaction

Xuecheng Zhang, Christopher G Adda, Andrew Low, Jiahai Zhang, Wen Zhang, Hongbin Sun, Xiaoming Tu, Robin F Anders, Raymond Stanley Norton

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Merozoite surface protein 2 (MSP2), an abundant glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored protein on the surface of Plasmodium falciparum merozoites, is a promising malaria vaccine candidate. MSP2 is intrinsically disordered and forms amyloid-like fibrils in solution under physiological conditions. The 25 N-terminal residues (MSP2(1-25)) play an important role in both fibril formation and membrane binding of the full-length protein. In this study, the fibril formation and solution structure of MSP2(1-25) in the membrane mimetic solvents sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS), dodecylphosphocholine (DPC), and trifluoroethanol (TFE) have been investigated by transmission electronic microscopy, turbidity, thioflavin T fluorescence, circular dichroism (CD), and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. Turbidity data showed that the aggregation of MSP2(1-25) was suppressed in the presence of membrane mimetic solvents. CD spectra indicated that helical structure in MSP2(1-25) was stabilized in SDS and DPC micelles and in high concentrations of TFE. The structure of MSP2(1-25) in 50 aqueous TFE, determined using NMR, showed that the peptide formed an amphipathic helix encompassing residues 10-24. Low concentrations of TFE favored partially folded helical conformations, as demonstrated by CD and NMR, and promoted MSP2(1-25) fibril formation. Our data suggest that partially folded helical conformations of the N-terminal region of MSP2 are on the pathway to amyloid fibril formation, while higher degrees of helical structure stabilized by high concentrations of TFE or membrane mimetics suppress self-association and thus inhibit fibril formation. The roles of the induced helical conformations in membrane interactions are also discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1380 - 1387
Number of pages8
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2012

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