The biochemical process of advanced glycation appears to play a central role in the development and progression of diabetic vascular complications. A number of strategies to influence this pathway have been designed, one of which involves the putative advanced glycation end-product (AGE) crosslink breaker, alagebrium which has been shown in in vitro studies to cleave preformed AGE crosslinks. This agent has been studied in various models of diabetic complications and has been shown to attenuate diabetic renal disease, cardiac dysfunction, and atherosclerosis. In addition to the ability of alagebrium to reduce tissue levels of AGEs, this drug appears to inhibit activation of certain protein kinase C isoforms. Planned clinical studies in diabetic subjects at risk of complications should assist in determining the role of alagebrium in the prevention, retardation, and reversal of diabetic micro- and macrovascular disease.
- Advanced glycation end products
- Diabetes complications
- Diabetic nephropathy
- Oxidative stress
- Protein kinase C