Role of sex, socioeconomic status, and emotional support in predicting aging perception among older adults

Ameneh Yaghoobzadeh, Hamid Sharif Nia, Saeed Pahlevan Sharif, Seyedeh Zahra Hosseinigolafshani, Fatemeh Mohammadi, Sonia Oveisi, Kelly A. Allen

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4 Citations (Scopus)


Self-perception is found to be a central predictive factor in experiencing successful aging. The aim of this study was to explore the role of sex, socioeconomic status, and emotional support in elders' aging perception. A cross-sectional design was used with 300 older aged participants recruited from 23 clinics and health centers in Qazvin, Iran. Data were collected included questions to elicit demographic information and Barker's aging perception questionnaire. Exploratory multiple linear regression showed that the level of emotional support (β: –12.10; 95% CI: [–20.72, –3.48]), socioeconomic status (β: 2.84; 95% CI: [0.25, 5.43]), and women (β: –4.34; 95% CI: [–6.91, –1.77]) were associated with aging perception among elders. Educational level and marital status did not significantly contribute to the variance of AP. Findings revealed that aging perception was related to individual differences as well as social and emotional factors. Researchers, health-care professionals, and elders may benefit from thinking about old age as an inevitable life stage.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)77-89
Number of pages13
JournalInternational Journal of Aging and Human Development
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2018
Externally publishedYes


  • Aging perception
  • Elder
  • Emotional support
  • Older
  • Sex
  • Socioeconomic status

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