Roflumilast for asthma: Safety findings from a pooled analysis of ten clinical studies

P. Chervinsky, E O Meltzer, W W Busse, Keisuke Ohta, P. Bardin, D. Bredenbröker, Eric D Bateman

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Background: The safety profile of roflumilast, a phosphodiesterase 4 inhibitor, has been extensively researched in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Adverse events (AEs) including headache, diarrhoea and weight loss have been reported. Much less is known about the safety of roflumilast treatment in patients with bronchial asthma. Aim: To evaluate the safety and tolerability of roflumilast using safety data from one open-label and ten pooled placebo-controlled phase II and III clinical studies completed between 1997 and 2005. Subjects and methods: The studies were conducted at sites in Europe, North and South America, Africa, Australasia and Asia and study length varied from 4 to 40 weeks. Data for 5169 patients between 12 and 70 years of age, of whom 2851 received roflumilast at doses of 125, 250 and 500 μg, were analyzed. At randomization patients had a forced expiratory flow of 45-100%. Results: Headache was the most frequent AE with an incidence rate of 50 and 29.2 per 100 patient-years in the 500 μg roflumilast and placebo groups, respectively. Gastrointestinal AEs were common. Nausea and diarrhoea occurred in 28.7 and 28.3 per 100 patient-years in the 500 μg roflumilast and placebo groups, respectively. The extent of weight loss in roflumilast-treated patients was small. AEs reported in 465 patients in the 4-week open-label follow-up study reflected those of the pooled studies. Conclusions: The severity and incidence of AEs reported from this pooled safety analysis confirm that roflumilast is generally well tolerated by patients with asthma. This reflects the general safety profile reported previously in patients with COPD. All studies were funded by Takeda. Trial registration numbers available on NCT00073177, NCT00076076, NCT00163527.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S28-S34
Number of pages7
JournalPulmonary Pharmacology and Therapeutics
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2015


  • Asthma
  • Placebo
  • Roflumilast
  • Safety

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