Inspired by natural columnar nacre, artificial montmorillonite/hydroxyethyl cellulose columnar nacre-like materials with a site-specific layered structure in the interior and a hierarchical columnar structure on the surface are prepared. The materials exhibit improved tensile strength, good chemical stability in seawater, superior resistance to sand-grain impingement, and robust underwater low-adhesive superoleophobicity.
- columnar nacre
- layer structures
- low adhesion
- underwater superoleophobicity